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2022, vol. 19, br. 1, str. 201-216
Ekonomski i geopolitički aspekt bilateralnih odnosa EU i Kine
Institut za evropske studije, Beograd, Srbija

e-adresagorandrnikolic@gmail.com, ppetrovic@idn.org.rs, jzvezdanovic@idn.org.rs
Projekat:
Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije

Ključne reči: ekonomija; geopolitika; Kina; EU; BDP
Sažetak
Očekivan ekonomski rast EU27 i Kine do 2025. će voditi ka daljem povećanju učešća kineske privrede u svetskom BDP-u, te "prestizanja'' evropske ekonomije u 2022. Glavni doprinos ovog rada je predstavljanje i analiza od strane MMF-a projektovanih veličina BDP-a za Kinu i EU27 u periodu 2020-25, te procena uticaja tendencija divergentnog rasta privrednih aktivnosti dva privredna giganta na dalji razvoj njihovih bilateralnih odnosa. Naime, budući da promene u globalnoj ekonomskoj poziciji uzrokuju geopolitičke konsekvence, jasno je da i samo očekivanje ovakvih trendova utiče na odluke političko-ekonomskih aktera danas (kao što je potpisivanje investicionog sporazuma Brisela i Pekinga, uprkos protivljenju Vašingtona). Odgovor EU na snažan rast uticaja Kine bi mogao biti pokušaj da se strateški izazov koji predstavlja Peking, ublaži sa kreiranjem snažnijeg transatlantskog partnerstva, ali nije izvesno da će Vašington biti spreman da ponudi bitnije ustupke Briselu. Alternativni scenario bi mogao podrazumevati jačanje "strateške autonomije'' EU, što bi impliciralo pokušaj samostalnijeg geopolitičkog pozicioniranja, koji bi omogućio bolje odnose sa Kinom te olakšani pristup ogromnom tržištu te zemlje. EU, koja je najveći svetski trgovinski blok i najveći trgovinski partner čak 80 zemalja, će se teško pomiriti sa ulogom objekta u kinesko-američkom nadmetanju i pokušaće da ostvari sinergiju u odnosima sa obe sile.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: stručni članak
DOI: 10.5937/MegRev2201201N
primljen: 23.02.2021.
prihvaćen: 26.02.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 01.07.2022.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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