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2022, vol. 11, br. 1, str. 93-103
Hemijski sastav i antioksidativna aktivnost etarskih ulja smilja ("Helichrysum italicum") (Roth) G. Don) i hajdučke trave ("Achillea millefolium" L.)
Univerzitet u Nišu, Tehnološki fakultet, Leskovac

e-adresajstanojevic@tf.ni.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Univerzitet u Nišu, Tehnološki fakultet, Leskovac) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200133)

Ključne reči: Etarsko ulje; smilje; hajdučka trava; GC/MS analiza; antioksidativna aktivnost
Sažetak
Cilj ovog rada bio je određivanje hemijskog sastava i antioksidativne aktivnosti etarskih ulja izolovanih na poluindustrijskom nivou iz nadzemnih delova smilja (Helichrysum italicum) (Roth) G. Don) i hajdučke trave (Achillea millefolium L.) parnom i vodeno-parnom destilacijom, respektivno. Kvalitativni sastav dobijenih etarskih ulja je određen GC/MS metodom dok je kvantitativni sastav određen GC/FID metodom. Antioksidativna aktivnost je procenjena korišćenjem DPPH, ABTS i FRAP testa. Najzastupljenije komponente u etarskom ulju smilja bile su a-pinen (22,4%), g-kurkumen (13,2%), neril acetat (9,8%) i b-selinen (8,7%), dok je etarsko ulje hajdučke trave u najvećem procentu sadržalo 1,8-cineol (25,5%), cis-tujon (10,8%), kamfor (7,3%) i artemisia keton (6,9%). Na osnovu EC50 vrednosti etarsko ulje hajdučke trave je pokazalo bolju aktivnost "hvatanja" (DPPH i ABTS) radikala od etarskog ulja smilja (7,71 mg/cm3 u odnosu na 8,94 mg/cm3 nakon 20 minuta inkubacije sa DPPH radikalom, i 6,03 mg/cm3 u odnosu na 88,52 mg/cm3 nakon 24 minuta inkubacije sa ABTS radikalom, respektivno). Sa druge strane, etarsko ulje smilja je pokazalo bolju moć redukcije feri jona (7,16 mgEFe2+/g vs. 5,72 mgEFe2+/g etarskog ulja) u odnosu na etarsko ulje hajdučke trave. Međutim, dobijeni rezultati ukazuju na slabu antioksidativnu aktivnost analiziranih etarskih ulja.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: stručni članak
DOI: 10.5937/savteh2201093S
primljen: 18.03.2022.
prihvaćen: 26.05.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 14.07.2022.

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