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2011, vol. 11, iss. 2-3, pp. 36-49
Etiology of injuring and methods of providing first aid at wrist injury
aUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Serbia
bClinical Center of Vojvodina, Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, Novi Sad, Serbia
Keywords: wrist injury; first aid; etiological factors; wrist; immobilization
Introduction: Wrist (art. Radiocarpale) is classified in mobile compound arm joints (art Composita). The most frequent injuries of this joint are: contusion (contusio), dislocation (distorsio), sprain (luxatio), fracture (fractura) and combined injuries. In immobilization of this joint are used standard means (Cramer tracks and slight splints) impovised items. Aim of the paper: The aim is survey and analysis of injuring etiology and the first aid in wrist injury in Clinical Centre Vojvodina in the period 1.06.2008-1.11.2008. Material and methods: Prospective study is applied encompassing 147 male patients and 3 female patients aged from 30 to 70, living in South Backa District, checked-up in the emergency ward of Urgent surgery, Clinical Centre Vojvodina. In data collection concerning injuring etiology is used questionnaire including 13 question. Intension of pain is estimated according to equivalent-visual scale of pain. RESULTS: Injuring in 108 (72%) patients included accidental injury without the participation of others and in 42 (28%) injuring from the other person. Personal vehicle is used in 105 (70%) cases of transportation of patients to Clinical Centre Vojvodina and ambulance in 45 (30%) cases. Immobilization is applied in 63 (42%) patients. Without immobilization are accepted 87 (58%) patients. Pain is not registered in 39 (26%) patients. Twenty (8%) patients estimated their pain with mark 3, 21 (14%) with mark 5, and 48 (32%) with mark 10. Swelling is registered in 29 (86%) patients and absence of swelling in 21 (14%) patients. Conclusion: Complete success in treatment of wrist injuries in great deal depends on adequately applied first aid. Mutual cooperation of patient, general practitioner, specialist in urgent medicine, surgeon and physiatrist is the only way to offer space for successful treatment and arrival to the level of activity before injury.
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article language: English, Serbian
document type: Case Report
published in SCIndeks: 01/02/2018

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