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2020, vol. 65, br. 2, str. 175-185
Variranje sadržaja zdravstveno korisnih komponenti u plodu borovnice povezano sa različitim načinima ishrane u sistemu gajenja u supstratu
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Centar za multidisciplinarne studije

e-adresadraxy@imsi.rs
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200116)
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Univerzitet u Beogradu, Centar za multidisciplinarne studije) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200053)

Ključne reči: V. corymbosum; đubriva; vreme berbe; ukupni fenoli; ukupni antocijani i antioksidativna aktivnost
Sažetak
Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se odredi i uporedi sadržaj ukupnih antocijana i ukupnih fenola, kao i antioksidativna aktivnost u plodu sorte visokožbunaste borovnice 'Bluecrop' gajene u supstratu pod uticajem različitih načina ishrane. Poljsko istraživanje je izvedeno u proizvodnom zasadu borovnice koji se nalazi u blizini Beograda (Srbija), tokom perioda 2016-2017. godine. Zasad je podignut u proleće 2016. godine sadnjom petogodišnjih biljaka u saksije od polipropilenske folije zapremine 50 l. Svaka saksija je ispunjena supstratnom smešom sastavljenom od strugotine četinara (60%), belog treseta (30%) i perlita (10%). Primenjeno rastojanje sadnje je 0,8 m u redu i 3,0 m između redova (4.170 žbunova po ha). Ispitivana je primena sledećih đubriva: 1. organska đubriva (Org); 2. mineralna đubriva (Min) i 3. kombinovana primena organskih i mineralnih đubriva (OrgMin). Rastvorljiva NPK đubriva su primenjivana kroz sistem za navodnjavanje, dok su granulisana mineralna i peletirana organska đubriva mešana sa supstratom. Uzorci plodova su uzimani u 3 ponavljanja na početku, sredini i na kraju sezone berbe. Vreme berbe nije ispoljilo značajan uticaj na testirane parametre, dok se sadržaj ukupnih antocijana nije razlikovao čak ni pod uticajem primenjenih đubriva. Sadržaj ukupnih fenola u plodu bio je značajno povećan u Org i Org-Min tretmanima (139,8, odnosno 139,3 mg ekv. gal. kis./100 g sv.m.pl.), dok je značajno veća ukupna antioksidativna aktivnost ustanovljena u plodovima iz OrgMin tretmana (0,53 mg ask./g sv.m.pl.).
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/JAS2002175M
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 07.07.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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