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2013, vol. 41, iss. 3, pp. 362-369
Glucosinolates: Plant derived antifungal compounds
aUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Serbia
bInstitute of Pesticides and Environmental Protection, Belgrade, Serbia
cInstitute for Medicinal Plant Research 'Dr. Josif Pančić ', Belgrade, Serbia
Development of integrated management of harmful organisms in plant production in order to overcome resistance and to improve food quality and safety (MESTD - 46008)

Plants belonging to Brassicaceae family accumulate secondary metabolites, glucosinolates, as their constituent compounds. The amount of glucosinolates in brassica plants depend on growth stage, plant part, ecological conditions and agricultural practices. As a reaction to wounding and injury of plant tissue glucosinolates undergo enzymatic hydrolysis with myrosinase and volatile isothiocyanates are released. These volatiles have been long known for their fungicidal, bactericidal, nematocidal and alelopatic properties. Antifungal potencial of isothiocyanates originating from Brassicaceae plants has been confirmed towards many plant pathogenic fungi. Glucosinolates and the products of their hydrolysis are natural products which are considered to be fully biodegradable and non-toxic, making them eligible contenders for organic and integrated pest management.
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article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published in SCIndeks: 20/03/2014

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