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2013, vol. 41, iss. 6, pp. 611-630
Mycosis of ornamental plants
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, Serbia

emailbalazjel@polj.uns.ac.rs
Abstract
For the past two decades in our country the increased interest in decorative plants has resulted in their increased production. Additionally, increase in production and profitability caused its modernization, which led to certain problems in production. First of all occurred problems with a disease causals and they are a major limiting factor for successful production. In both indoor and outdoor production, the greatest economic significance have some phytophathogenic fungi and pseudofungi. In our conditions lodging of the seedlings is one of the most common diseases whose causers are Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia solani, Thielaviopsis basicola, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium spp., Phytophthora spp. and etc. During the growing season, considerable economic damages cuase disease such as Downy Mildews (Phytophthora, Peronospora, Plasmopara), Powdery Mildew (Sphaerotheca, Erysiphe, Leveillula, Microsphaera, Podosphaera, Oidium), Rust (Phragmidium, Uromyces, Puccinia), various leaf spots (Diplocarpon, Glomerella, Septoria, Alternaria) and wilting (Vericillium, Fusarium). For successful control of all pathogens requires good knowledge of the symptoms, host distribution, epidemiology and characteristics of pathogens. Control of the ornamental plants primarily should be based on the concept of integral protection, in which preventive measures are of particular importance.
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article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published in SCIndeks: 02/04/2014

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