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2017, vol. 65, iss. 1, pp. 20-28
Ecological modification of polyester surface properties using plasma treatment
aVisoka tehnološko umetnička strukovna škola, Leskovac
bUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy
Keywords: polyester; plasma; functional groups; roughening; surface energy
Abstract
During plasma treatment of polyester, the morphological structure and chemical composition of the fiber is being modified. Thereby, the surface roughening and formation of new functional groups occur. Then, the surface energy increases which improves hydrophilic and dyeing properties and adhesion forces. The new surface characteristic allows the application of various agents making the material less prone to electrostatic charge, making it biocide against some strains of bacteria or making it water repellant. By applying the appropriate choice of plasma treatment parameters the desired effects can be achieved. In the paper, we discussed the effect of various plasma types on the change of chemical composition, surface morphology and electrokinetic properties of polyester.

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article language: Serbian
document type: Scientific Paper
published in SCIndeks: 16/06/2017

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