Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:30
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:15

Sadržaj

članak: 3 od 116  
Back povratak na rezultate
2022, vol. 59, br. 3, str. 91-103
Poboljšanje rasta, prinosa i nutritivnog statusa kukuruza (Zea mays L.) kroz rendgensko bombardovanje semena
Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria

e-adresaemmaukmbah@gmail.com
Ključne reči: kukuruz; nutritivna vrednost; prinos žitarica; rast; rendgen; Zea mays
Sažetak
Poboljšanje useva suočava se sa mnogo izazova u rasponu od genetskih efekata semena do faktora životne sredine. Zbog toga su certifikovana hibridna semena kukuruza (Oba super II), bila izložena trima različitim dozama rendgenskog zračenja: 3 MGy, 6 MGy, 9 MGy i kontrola, bez izlaganja (0 MGy) za procenu uticaja radijacije na performanse rasta, prinos žitarica i nutritivni status kukuruza. Poljski ogled je sproveden u vegetacionoj sezoni 2016. godine na Univerzitetu za poljoprivredu Majkl Okpara, Umudike (geografska širina 05 º 29'N; dužina 07 º 33'E; nadmorska visina 122 masl) u jugoistočnoj Nigeriji. Ogled je postavljen u nasumičnom kompletnom blok dizajnu sa tri ponavljanja. Rezultati su pokazali da je rendgensko zračenje značajno uticalo na rast, prinos i nutritivni status maize. Primena rendgenske doze od 6 MGy dala je najduži klip, najveću masu 100 semena i prinos zrna (4.973 kg ha-1 ), kao i više nutritivne vrednosti useva poput b-karotena, vitamina C, proteina i fosfora u odnosu na druge tretmane, što ukazuje na moguću genetsku sinergiju sa dozom zračenja. Rezultati pokazuju da su suva nadzemna masa, stopa rasta useva i apsolutna stopa rasta bile u pozitivnoj i značajnoj (P ≤ 0,05) korelaciji sa prinosom zrna. Srednja sekvenca prinosa zrna dobijenog od kukuruza usled rendgenskog bombardovanja semena pre sadnje bila je sledećeg redosleda: 6 MGi > 9 MGi > 3 MGi > 0 MGi rendgensko zračenje. Implikacije ovih rezultata mogu dovesti do daljeg poboljšanja sorti kukuruza na jugoistoku Nigerije.
Reference
Ahloowalia, B.S., Maluszynski, M. (2001) Induced mutations: A new paradigm in plant breeding. Euphytica, 118: 167-173
Alene, A., Menkir, A., Ajala, S., Badu-Apraku, B., Olanrewaju, A., Manyong, V., Ndiaye, A. (2009) The economic and poverty impacts of maize research in West and Central Africa. Agricultural Economics, 40: 535-550
Ali, H., Ghori, Z., Sheikh, S., Gul, A. (2015) Effects of gamma radiation on crop production. u: Hakeem K. [ur.] Crop Production and Global Environmental Issues, Cham: Springer
Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) (2010) Official Methods of Analysis of the AOAC. Washington, D.C
Bell-Gam, S.P., Nwosu, L.C., Ileke, K.D., Aguwa, U.O. (2021) Effect of X-ray irradiation on the F1 generation of Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky and the germination rate of maize grain. Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology, 82: 25
Borzouei, A., Kafi, M., Khazaei, H., Naseriyan, B., Majdabadi, A. (2010) Effects of gamma radiation on germination and physiological aspects of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42: 2281-2290
Boureima, S., Diouf, M., Slime, R.S., Diop, T., Vandamme, P., Cagirgan, M.I. (2009) Radio sensitivity of African sesame cultivars to gamma-rays. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 14(2): 181-190
Bouyoucos, G.J. (1962) Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analyses of soils. Agronomy Journal, 54: 464-465
Bremner, J.M. (1996) Nitrogen-Total. u: Bartels J.M.; Bigham J.M. [ur.] Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3: Chemical Methods. Soil Science Society of America Book Series, Madison, Wisconsin, USA, No. 5, pp: 1085-1121
Carvalho, M.L.M., Aelst, A.C., Eck, J.W., Hoekstra, F.A. (1999) Pre-harvest stress cracks in maize (Zea mays L.) kernels as characterized by visual, X-ray and low temperature scanning electron microscopical analysis: effect on kernel quality. Seed Science Research, 9(3): 227-236
Chang, S.K.C. (2003) Protein Analysis. u: Nielsen S.S. [ur.] Food Analysis, New York: Kluwer Academic Plenum Publisher
Cicero, S.M., Banzatto-Junior, H.L. (2003) Avaliação do relacionamento entre danos mecânicos e vigor, em sementes de milho, por meio da análise de imagens. Revista Brasileira de Sementes, 25(1): 29-36
Delia, B., Mieko, K. (2004) Harvestplus Handbook for Carotenoid Analysis. Washington, D. C, pp. 34-38
Din, R., Qasim, M., Ahmad, K. (2004) Radio sensitivity of various wheat genotypes in M1 generation. International Journal of Agricultural Biology, 6: 898-900
Esnault, M.A., Legue, F., Chenal, C. (2010) Ionizing radiation: Advances in plant response. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 68: 231-237
Franco, S.S.H. (1999) Interrelação de radiohormese e a incidência de insetos pragas na cultura demilho Zea mays L. Universidade de Sao Paulo, Ph.D. Thesis
Gomes-Junior, F.G., Cicero, S.M. (2012) X-ray analysis to assess mechanical damage in sweet corn seeds. Revista Brasileira de Sementes, 34(1): 78-85
Gomes-Junior, F.G., Cicero, S.M., Vaz, C.M.P., Lasso, P.R.O. (2019) X-ray microtomography in comparison to radiographic analysis of mechanically damaged maize seeds and its effect on seed germination. Acta Scientiarum-Agronomy, 41:e42608
Gomez, A., Gomez, A. (1984) A Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research. New York: John Wiley or Sons, 2 nd ed
Hunt, R. (1978) Demography versus plant growth analysis. New Phytologist, 269-272
Iken, J.E., Amusa, N.A. (2004) Maize research and production in Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 3(6): 302-307
Jackson, M.L. (1973) Soil Chemical Analysis. New Delhi, India: Prentice Hall of India, Private Limited, 498 pages
Jade, B.A., Carter, E.A., Eastgate, H., Hackett, M.J., Harris, H.H., Levina, A., Lee, Y.C., Chen, C., Lai, B., Vogt, S., Lay, P.A. (2010) Biomedical applications of X-ray absorption and vibration spectroscopic microscopes in obtaining structural information from complex systems. Radiation and Physical Chemistry, 79: 176-184
James, C.S. (1995) Analytical Chemistry of Foods. New York: Chapman and Hall, 1st Edn
Khajehpoo, M.R. (2000) Principles and Fundamentals of Agronomy. Iran: Isfehan University of Technology
Kling, J., Edmeades, G. (1997) Morphology and Growth of Maize. IITA research guide. Ibadan, Nigeria: International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), No. 9
Luckey, T.D. (2003) Radiation Hormesis Overview. RSO Magazine, 8: 22-41
Macklis, R.M., Bresford, B. (1991) Radiation hormesis. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 32: 350-459
Maluleke, M.H., Bediako, A.A., Ayisi, K.K. (2005) Influence of maize-lablab intercropping on Lepidopterous stem borer infestation in maize. Journal of Economic Entomology, 98:384-388
Mortazavi, S.M.J., Mehdi-Pour, L.A., Tanavardi, S., Mohammadi, S., Kazempour, S., Fatehi, S., Behnejad, B., Mozdarani, H. (2006) The biopositive effects of diagnostic doses of X-rays on growth of Phaseolus vulgaris plant: A possibility of new physical fertilizers. Asian Journal of Experimental Science, 20: 27-33
Mudibu, J., Nkongolo, K.K.C., Mbuyi, A.K., Kizungu, R.V. (2012) Effect of gamma irradiation on morphoagronomic characteristics of soybeans (Glycine max L.). American Journal Plant Sciences, 3: 331-337
Obi, I.U. (2002) Statistical Methods of Detecting Differences Between Treatment Means and Research Methodology Issues in Laboratory and Field Experiments. Nsukka, Nigeria: AP Express Publishing Company, Limited, 116 pages
Okwu, D.E., Josiah, C. (2006) Evaluation of the chemical composition of two Nigerian medicinal plants. African Journal of Biotechnology, 5(4): 357-361
Olsen, R.S., Sommers, L.E. (1982) Phosphorus. u: Pages A.L.; Miller R.H.; Keeney D.R. [ur.] Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2: Chemical and Microbiological Properties, Madison, WI., USA: ASA and SSSA, 2nd Edn, pp. 403-430
Onwuka, G.I. (2018) Food Analysis and Instrumentation Theory and Practice. Lagos, Nigeria: Naphtali Printers, 2 nd ed, pp. 299-314
Patade, V.K., Suprasanna, P., Bapat, V.A. (2008) Gamma irradiation of embryogenic callus cultures and In-vitro selection for salt tolerance in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Agricultural Sciences in China, 7(9): 1147-1152
Power, J.F., Willis, W.O., Reichman, G.A. (1967) Effects of soil temperature, P and plant age on growth analysis of barley. Agronomy Journal, 18: 459-463
Radford, D.J. (1967) Growth analysis formulae; their use and abuse. Crop Science, 7:171-175
Seran, T.H., Brinth, I. (2010) Review on maize-based intercropping. Journal of Agronomy, 9: 1-11
Sheppar, S.C., Chubey, B.B. (1990) Radiation hormesis of field-seeded broccoli, parsnip and cauliflower. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 70: 369-373
Sheppard, S.C., Regitnig, P.J. (1987) Factors controlling the hormesis response in irradiated seed. Health Physiology, 52:599-605
Tabasum, A., Cheema, A.A., Hameed, A., Rashid, M., Ashraf, M. (2011) Radio sensitivity of rice genotypes to gamma radiations based on seedling traits and physiological indices. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43: 1211-1222
Vilaithong, T., Yu, L.D., Apavatjrut, P., Phanchaisri, B., Sangyuenyongpipat, S., Anuntalabhochai, S., Brown, I.G. (2004) Heavy ion induced DNA transfer in biological cells. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 71:927-935
Walkley, A., Black, A.I. (1934) An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science, 37: 29-38
Watson, D.J. (1952) The Physiological Basis of Variation in Yield. u: Norman A.G. [ur.] Advances in Agronomy, New York, USA: Academic Press Inc, 4, pp:101-145
Yilmaz, A., Boydak, R. (2006) The effects of cobalt-60 applications on yield components of cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 9: 15. 2761-2769
Yoshida, S., Kinoshita, S., Murata, I., Masui, H. (1999) Stimulatory of low ionizing radiation on plant. Nuclear Science and Technology, 49: 19-28
Yu, Z., Deng, J., He, J., Huo, Y., Wu, Y., Wang, X., Liu, G. (1991) Mutation breeding by ion implantation. Nuclear Instrument and Methods, 25726: 705-708
Zaka, R., Chenal, C., Misset, M.T. (2004) Effects of low doses of short-term gamma irradiation on growth and development through two generations of Pisum sativum. Science of The Total Environment, 320:121-129
 

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: preliminarni izveštaj
DOI: 10.5937/ratpov59-38811
primljen: 29.06.2022.
prihvaćen: 03.10.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 24.12.2022.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

Povezani članci

Nema povezanih članaka