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2021, vol. 27, br. 2, str. 1-9
Uticaj genotipa i vegetacione sezone na prinos i kvalitet ovsa na zemljištu tipa pseudoglej
aUniverzitet u Nišu, Srbija
bNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad, Srbija
cDžon Nezbit Univerzitet, Fakultet za biofarming, Bačka Topola, Srbija
dUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Srbija
Projekat:
451-03-9/2021-14/200383
200032 FAO Project "Redesigning the exploitation of small grains genetic resources towards increased sustainability of grain-value chain and improved farmers' livelihoods
Bulgaria-GRAINEFIT, 2020-2023, PR-166-Serbia
Bilateral Project Republic of Serbia and Montenegro, 2019-2021: "Alternative cereals and oil crops as a source of healthcare food and important raw material for the production of biofuel".

Ključne reči: Avena Sativa L; hektolitarska masa; prinos zrna; visina biljke
Sažetak
U cilju utvrđivanja uticaja sorte i vegetacione sezone na prinos i komponente prinosa ovsa ispitivane su dve sorte ovsa tokom tri vegetacione sezone na oglednom polju srednje poljoprivredno-hemijske škole "dr Đorđe Radić" u Kraljevu. Ogledi su postavljeni po šemi slučajnog rasporeda u pet ponavljanja. Analizirani su: prinos zrna, masa 1000 zrna, hektolitarska masa i visina biljaka. Ogled je zasnovan na ekstremno kiselom zemljištu tipa pseudoglej. Dobijeni rezultati pokazuju visok efekat vegetacione sezone na prinos zrna i određene parametre njegovog kvaliteta. U proseku, za sve sorte, tokom trogodišnjeg ogleda, najveći prinos ovsa 2 .879 t ha -1 dobijen je kod sorte Vranac. Rezultati ovih istraživanja ukazuju na značajan uticaj vegetacione sezone na prinos zrna i kvalitet ovsa gajenog na siromašnim zemljištima tipa pseudoglej koje je često zastupljeno na područiju Zapadne Srbije. Prinos zrna pokazuje tendenciju rasta u godinama sa većom ukupnom količinom i boljom raspodelom padavina tokom kritičnih faza razvoja biljaka ovsa.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/SelSem2102001R
primljen: 05.05.2021.
prihvaćen: 27.06.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 21.01.2022.
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