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2016, vol. 73, br. 8, str. 757-763
Posttraumatski stresni poremećaj i grupna art terapija - samoizražavanje unutrašnjeg traumatskog sveta ratnih veterana
aVojnomedicinska akademija, Klinika za psihijatriju, Beograd
bUniverzitet odbrane, Medicinski fakultet Vojnomedicinske akademije, Beograd

e-adresamandig468@yahoo.com
Ključne reči: stresni postraumatski poremećaji; lečenje umetnošću; veterani; psihoterapija; grupna; crteži
Sažetak
Uvod/Cilj. Art terapija i crteži mogu poslužiti kao alternatívna sredstva izražavanja i oslobađanja od trauma među veteranima kod kojih je dijagnostikovan posttraumatski stresni poremećaj (PTSP). Metode. Izvršena je retrospektivna klinička studija crteža ratnih veterana. Ukupno 89 ratnih veterana ispunili su kriterijume Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) PTSP, i bili konsekutivno primljeni u dnevnu bolnicu u toku pet godina. Grupna art terapija kao deo integrativnog tretmana sprovodila se jednom nedeljno. Grupa je bila otvorena i heterogena. Izvršena je kvalitatívna analiza crteža i grupnih protokola. Crteži su nastali prema slobodnim asocijacijama. Izvršena je analiza ratnih tema i primenjena je deskriptívna statistika. Rezultati. Najčešće teme borbenog stresa bile su prikazi same borbe i ranjenih i ubijenih saboraca. Ređe su bili prikazani crteži grobova, uništenih agradova i polomljenog drveća. Veterani su najčešće koristili crnu i crvenu boju asocirajući na smrt, krv, rane i uništene objekte. Zaključak. Crteži mogu pružiti jedinstvenu kompleksnu ilustraciju traumatičnih ratnih iskustava i sećanja veterana sa dijagnozom posttraumatskog stresnog poremećaja. Diskusija u toku grupne analize može poboljšati verbalno izražavanje traumatskih sadržaja ratnih veterana usled grupne podrške u sigurnom okruženju. Kao adjuvantna terapija, grupna art terapija može obogatiti svesnost i sposobnost kliničara da leče teške simptome posttraumatskog stresnog poremećaja koji se odnose na neotkrivene ratne traume.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/VSP150512083M
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 05.08.2016.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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