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Pretilost u dječijoj dobi
aDom zdravlja Krupa na Uni, Republika Srpska, Bosna i Hercegovina
bDom zdravlja "Dr Mustafa Šehović" Tuzla, Bosna i Hercegovina + Univerzitet u Tuzli, Medicinski fakultet, Federacija BiH

e-adresamarijanajandrickocic@gmail.com
Ključne reči: pretilost; djeca; zdravlje
Sažetak
Pretilost se, po Međunarodnoj klasifikaciji bolesti (International classification of diseases, eleventh revision, ICD-11), svrstava u endokrine bolesti, bolesti prehrane i metabolizma (ICD-XI; E66). Predstavlja hroničnu multifaktorijalnu bolest praćenu nenormalnim ili prekomjernim nakupljanjem masnog tkiva koje predstavlja zdravstveni rizik. Svjetska zdravstvena organizacija opisuje epidemiju dječije pretilosti kao: "jedan od najozbiljnijih javnozdravstvenih izazova 21. vijeka". Prema istoj, 41 milion djece mlađe od 5 godina i 340 miliona djece i adolescenata uzrasta od 5 do 19 godina ima prekomjernu tjelesnu težinu ili pretilost. Pretilost može imati značajan uticaj na zdravstveno stanje, blagostanje (socijalno i psihološko) i samopoštovanje djece. Povezana je sa lošim akademskim uspjehom i nižim kvalitetom života koje dijete doživljava. Pretilo dijete iziskuje individualno prilagođen multidisciplinaran pristup. Dijagnoza zahtjeva temeljan klinički pregled koji identifikuje etiologiju pretilosti, prisutne komorbitide, prehrambene navike, fizičku aktivnost, socijalne, porodične i psihološke faktore koji predisponiraju pretilost, spremnost i motivaciju za liječenje. Terapija pretilosti prioritetno ima za cilj trajnu promjenu prehrambenih navika i načina života djeteta.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/mgiszm2284026J
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.03.2022.
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