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2013, vol. 60, br. 2, str. 69-75
Etiološki faktori odgovorni za nastanak hipomineralizacije zuba na sekutićima i kutnjacima
aUniverzitet u Istočnom Sarajevu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za dječiju i preventivnu stomatologiju sa ortodoncijom, Foča, Republika Srpska, BiH
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Stomatološki fakultet, Klinika za dečiju i preventivnu stomatologiju
cUniverzitet u Istočnom Sarajevu, Medicinski fakultet, Odsek Stomatologija, Foča, Republika Srpska, BiH

e-adresasvjetlanajankovic@yahoo.com
Sažetak
Uvod. Hipomineralizacija zuba koja zahvata samo kutnjake ili kutnjake i sekutiće istovremeno je oboljenje koje se u anglosaksonskoj literaturi naziva molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH). Etiologija MIH promena još nije dovoljno poznata, ali se zna da faktori odgovorni za ovo oboljenje deluju kod deteta u prvoj godini po rođenju. Cilj rada je bio da se ustanove mogući etiološki faktori koji su odgovorni za nastanak hipomineralizacije zuba na sekutićima i kutnjacima dece u regionu opštine Foča, u Republici Srpskoj. Materijal i metode rada. U istraživanje su uključena osmogodišnja deca koja žive na teritoriji opštine Foča. Roditelji dece su dali pristanak za njihovo učešće u istraživanju i popunili anketni upitnik gde su navedeni etiološki faktori koji su, prema podacima iz literature, odgovorni za nastanak hipomineralizovanih promena. Za procenu hipomineralizacije na svim zubima korišćen je modifikovani DDE indeks (Modified DDE Index for Use in Epidemiological Surveys), ali su MIH promene i posebno klasifikovane. Rezultati. Više od 90 različitih faktora može biti odgovorno za oštećenje gleđi. Kao mogući etiološki faktori u literaturi se navode: prevremeno rođenje deteta, mala telesna težina novorođenčadi, hipoksija, poremećaj metabolizma kalcijuma i fosfata, visoka temperatura, uticaj genetskih faktora itd. U ovoj studiji nije potvrđena statistička značajnost ni za jedan ispitivani etiološki faktor. Zaključak. U ovom istraživanju nalazi su dobijeni na osnovu retrospektivne analize podataka. Ustanovljeni su brojni etiološki faktori, ali je bilo teško izdvojiti najodgovornije za nastanak MIH.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski, srpski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.2298/SGS1302069J
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 14.10.2013.

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