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2020, vol. 11, br. 2, str. 645-662
Globalni kompakt o migracijama - pravna priroda i potencijalni uticaj na razvoj međunarodnog migracionog prava
aCentar za migracije i raseljenost na Balkanu + Save the Children, Beograd
bBeogradski centar za ljudska prava, Beograd

e-adresakrasicbogdan@gmail.com, bojantstojanovic@gmail.com
Ključne reči: Globalni kompakt o migracijama; Njujorška deklaracija; migracije; međunarodno migraciono pravo; upravljanje migracijama; meko pravo; izvori međunarodnog prava; ljudska prava
Sažetak
Međunarodne migracije, prisilne i dobrovoljne, predstavljaju izraženu pojavu u savremenom društvu koja zaokuplja pažnju javnosti u državama porekla, tranzita i odredišta. Ipak pitanje migracija do danas nije bilo značajnije regulisano na planu međunarodnog prava, a pionirski poduhvat dogodio se usvajanjem Globalnog kompakta o sigurnim, uređenim i regularnim migracijama. Glavno pitanje koje će nastaviti da zaokuplja pažnju stručne javnosti jeste uticaj Globalnog kompakta na formiranje korpusa međunarodnog migracionog prava. Iako deklarativno neobavezujući dokument, usvajanje Globalnog kompakta pratile su brojne kritike upravo u pogledu njegove eventualne obaveznosti, stvarne ili pretpostavljene. S druge strane, proponenti u njemu vide polaznu osnovu za kreiranje adekvatnih migracionih politika koje bi bile u saglasnosti sa međunarodnim pravom ljudskih prava, održivim razvojem, potrebama tržišta rada i drugim politikama. U ovom radu analizirana je pravna priroda Globalnog kompakta sa aspekta mekog prava kao izvora međunarodnog prava i početni koraci u njegovoj primeni kako bi se utvrdila privrženost država njegovim odredbama i potencijalni uticaj na razvoj međunarodnog migracionog prava.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/pravzap0-26528
primljen: 11.05.2020.
prihvaćen: 25.11.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 16.01.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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