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2014, vol. 59, br. 2, str. 101-116
Agro-nutritivne varijacije kukuruza (Zea mays L.) - visokog kvaliteta proteina u Nigeriji
aFountain University, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
bUniversity of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
cUniversity of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
dLower Niger River Basin Development Authority, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
eLandmark University, Omuaran, Kwara State, Nigeria
fLadoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
gIbrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State, Nigeria

e-adresaobbello2002@yahoo.com
Ključne reči: sirovi protein; inbrid linije; sorte slobodnog oprašivanja; hibridi
Sažetak
Kukuruz visokog kvaliteta proteina (QPM) kombinujući poboljšane nivoe lizina i triptofana sa visokim prinosom zrna i željenim agronomskim osobinama bi mogao smanjiti nebezbednost hrane i pothranjenost u zapadnoj i centralnoj Africi. Dvadeset i dve QPM sorte i dve lokalne kontrole su ocenjivane u pogledu agronomskih osobina i hranljivih svojstava u savani južne Gvineje u Nigeriji tokom dve godine (2009. i 2010. godine). Iako su nivoi sirovog proteina dobri pokazatelji kvaliteta, analize sastava aminokiselina, posebno lizina i triptoftana koje bi mogle dati konačni dokaz, su u toku. Genotipovi obuhvataju pet slobodno oprašenih sorti (OPV), devet inbrid linija, osam hibrida i dve lokalne sorte. Razlike među sortama su bile vrlo značajne (P<0,01) u pogledu prinosa zrna, dana do metličenja kao i visine biljke i klipa, dok je interakcija godina x sorta bila samo značajna (P<0,05) za dane do metličenja. Većina QPM inbrid linija (CML 437, CML 490 CML 178) i hibrida (Dada-ba, ART98-SW5-OB, ART98-SW4-OB i TZPB-OB) imaju vrhunski učinak kada su u pitanju prinos zrna, druge komponente prinosa i hranljiva svojstva u odnosu na OPV genotipove i lokalne kontrolne sorte. Ove inbrid linije mogu predstavljati potencijalne izvore poželjnih alela korisnih za buduće oplemenjivanje kukuruza, dok bi se hibridi mogli ocenjivati u različitim životnim sredinama Nigerije zbog komparativnih prednosti u različitim sredinama i kvaliteta zrna koje bi bilo ponuđeno poljoprivrednicima.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/jas1402101b
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 14.05.2015.