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2019, vol. 72, br. 9-10, str. 321-325
Psihološka medicina
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet + Klinički centar Vojvodine, Klinika za psihijatriju, Novi Sad

e-adresavladimir.knezevic@mf.uns.ac.rs
Ključne reči: psihosomatska medicina; psihološki stres; medicinski neobjašnjeni simptomi; životne promene; ličnost; neurotransmiteri; imunitet; mentalno zdravlje
Sažetak
Uvod. Poznato je da se zdravstvena zaštita može unaprediti uzimanjem u obzir psiholoških aspekata u dijagnostici i tretmanu svih somatskih i mentalnih bolesti. Izučavanje i implementaciju ovih faktora nazivamo psihološkom medicinom. Cilj istraživanja je da predstavimo savremene aspekte psihološke medicine i da naglasimo njen doprinos kliničkoj praksi. Materijal i metode. Proučavana je literatura koja se odnosi na psihološku i psihosomatsku medicinu iz indeksne baze Medline. Rezultati. Glavni ciljevi psihološke medicine su sveobuhvatna procena psiholoških faktora koji utiču na etiologiju, tok i ishod bolesti, zatim biopsihosocijalno razmatranje pacijenta, kao i integrisanje specifičnih intervencija u okvir prevencije, tretmana i rehabilitacije bolesnika. Naglašavamo da je zbog kliničkih ograničenja u smislu aktuelno prisutne separacije zaštite mentalnog i telesnog zdravlja tretman mnogih zdravstvenih stanja u kojima su psihološki faktori signifikantni i dalje insuficijentan. Zaključak. Psihološka i psihosomatska medicina zbog svog značaja za dobrobit pacijenata moraju biti integralni deo inventara znanja lekara svih specijalnosti.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: stručni članak
DOI: 10.2298/MPNS1910321K
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 04.06.2020.