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članak: 3 od 9  
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2017, vol. 145, br. 7-8, str. 364-369
Učestalost, karakteristike i stepen izraženosti hipomineralizacije na prvim stalnim kutnjacima i sekutićima kod dece koja žive na području severnog dela Kosova i Metohije
aUniverzitet u Prištini sa privremenim sedištem u Kosovskoj Mitrovici, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za Stomatologiju
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Stomatološki fakultet, Klinika za dečiju i preventivnu stomatologiju
Sažetak
Uvod/Cilj: Hipomineralizacija kutnjaka i sekutića (HKS) relativno je česta razvojna anomalija koja se karakteriše pojavom hipomineralizovanih defekata gleđi na prvim stalnim kutnjacima i sekutićima. Cilj ovog rada bio je da se ispita učestalost hipomineralizacije na prvim stalnim kutnjacima i sekutićima kod dece uzrasta osam i deset godina na području severnog dela Kosova i Metohije. Metode: U istraživanju je bilo uključeno 712 ispitanika – 289 uzrasta osam godina (40,6%) i 423 (59,4%) uzrasta deset godina. Za dijagnozu oboljenja primenjeni su kriterijumi po Weerhejim-u i određen je stepen izraženosti promena. Rezultati: Učestalost hipomineralizovanih promena na prvim stalnim kutnjacima i sekutićima kod ispitivane dece na ovom području iznosio je 12,2%. Kod dece od osam godina učestalost ovih promena je manja (10,7%) u odnosu na ispitanike od deset godina (13,2%). Ograničena zamućenost gleđi bila je učestalija kod dece mlađeg uzrasta, dok je kod dece starijeg uzrasta učestalija atipična restauracija i ekstrakcija zuba kao posledica hipomineralizacije. Blaga forma je učestalija kod dece od osam godina, dok je kod dece od deset godina učestalija teška forma, kao i teška forma koja uključuje i ekstrahirane zube. Rezultati pokazuju da su prvi stalni kutnjaci najčešće zahvaćeni hipomineralizovanim promena. Zaključak: Procenat od 12,2% ispitanika sa promenama HKS na području severnog dela Kosova i Metohije nije zanemarljiv. Ovakvo stanje ukazuje na neophodnost rane dijagnostike da bi se blagovremenom prevencijom i terapijom sprečile i ublažile komplikacije ovog oboljenja.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.2298/SARH160614056M
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 27.12.2017.

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