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2022, vol. 70, br. 1-2, str. 57-74
Talenti i inovativnost - slučaj Srbije
Univerzitet Metropolitan, Beograd, Srbija
Ključne reči: Srbija; Inovacije; digitalna transformacija; talenti; jaz u veštinama; veštine za kojima postoji tražnja
Sažetak
Istraživanje se fokusira na talente i veštine koje su kompanijama potrebne za prelazak ka višem nivou inovativnosti i konkurentnosti u digitalnoj eri. U radu je predstavljena analiza podataka prikupljenih putem onlajn ankete sprovedene među 84 kompanije koje posluju u Srbiji. Urađene su dve korelacione analize. Prva posmatra determinante inovacija i digitalne transformacije među anketiranim kompanijama. Rezultati pokazuju da su ulaganje u istraživanje i razvoj, zajedno sa veštinama upravljanja, statistički značajne i u korelaciji sa svim posmatranim indikatorima digitalne transformacije i inovativnosti. Analiza pokazuje i da kompanije u Srbiji razvijaju više održive nego disruptivne i radikalne inovacije. Druga analiza pokazuje korelaciju između indikatora budućih inovacija i digitalnog rasta, i determinanata koje se odnose na trenutne nedostatake u veštinama, veštine za kojima postoji rastuća tražnja i prepreku za razvoj talenata. Potvrdili smo korelaciju između indikatora i jaza u veštinama u HR-u i marketingu, koje su ključne za razvoj zasnovan na znanju i budućí rast biznisa zasnovanom na inovacijama. Potvrdili smo i korelaciju sa analitičkim veštinama za kojima postoji rastuća tražnja. Pomenuto objašnjavamo činjenicom da su u svetu, u kome podaci dobijaju sve veći značaj, veštine vezane za transformaciju podataka u korisne informacije ključne za razvoj biznisa. Rezultati pokazuju da je ulaganje u talente izuzetno važno za budućí razvoj inovativnosti. Nedostatak korelacije sa određenim mekim veštinama, za kojima postoji rastuća tražnja, objasnili smo činjenicom da je kompanijama u Srbiji potrebno više praktičnih veština za inovacije i digitalni rast.
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jezik rada: engleski
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DOI: 10.5937/EKOPRE2202057L
primljen: 27.01.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.03.2022.

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