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2013, vol. 64, br. 1, str. 35-42
Poboljšanje rasta lucerke, Medicago sativa L. - pomoću inokulacije preduseva rizosfernim bakterijama
aInstitut za zemljište, Beograd
bInstitut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd
cEKO-LAB, Padinska Skela, Beograd
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresavukmirdusica@yahoo.com
Projekat:
Proučavanje uticaja kvaliteta zemljišta i voda za navodnjavanje na efikasniju proizvodnju poljoprivrednih kultura i očuvanje životne sredine (MPNTR - 37006)
Novi autohtoni izolati bakterija Lysobacter i Pseudomonas kao važan izvor metabolita korisnih za biotehnologiju, stimulaciju rasta biljaka i kontrolu bolesti bilja: od izolata do preparata (MPNTR - 46007)

Ključne reči: lucerka; poboljšanje rasta biljaka; inokulacija; predusev; ječam
Sažetak
U eksprimentu u sudovima ispitana je mogućnost poboljšanja rasta lucerke (Medicago sativa L.) pomoću inokulacije ječma (Hordeum vulgare L.) kao preduseva bakterijama koje poboljšavaju rast biljaka (PGPR). Cilj eksperimenta je bio odabiranje efikasnih sojeva koji bi se primenili u plodoredu u formi biološkog đubriva. U radu je korišćeno sedam sojeva koji pripadaju sledećim bakterijskim vrstama: Sinorhizobium meliloti, Bacillus megaterium, Enterobacter sp, Azotobacter sp, kao i vrsti Pseudomonas sp. Efekat inokulacije ječma primenjenim sojevima je određen na osnovu suve nadzemne mase (SDW) i sadržaja ukupnog azota (N) u biljnoj masi lucerke. Rezultati su ukazali na sposobnost nekih sojeva da poboljšaju rast biljaka. Značajno je povećan prinos lucerke u odnosu na kontrolu Ø (lucerka gajena posle neinokulisanog ječma kao preduseva) inokulacijom sojevima Azotobacter-a A1 (41%) i A2 (39%) i Pseudomonas-a P1 (35%). Sadržaj ukupnog N je bio u korelaciji sa vrednostima SDW. Rezultati su ukazali na uticaj inokulacije ječma kao preduseva na prinos lucerke i njen kvalitet kao i da sojevi Azotobacter sp., Pseudomonas sp. i Enterobacter sp. imaju PGPR potencijal što daje osnovu za dalja ispitivanja i mogućnost primene kao bio­đubriva.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 23.01.2014.