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2022, br. 1, str. 153-166
Motor Insurers' Bureau - garantni fond u Ujedinjenom Kraljevstvu
API Bank a.d., Beograd

e-adresamilos@radovanovic.biz
Sažetak
Obeštećenje u slučajevima kada je šteta prouzrokovana neosiguranim ili nepoznatim vozilom u Ujedinjenom Kraljevstvu je organizovano na specifičan način. Poslovi naknade štete u takvim slučajevima povereni su organizaciji Motor Insurers' Bureau (MIB). Pravni akti kojima je to poveravanje izvršeno jesu sporazumi između države i MIB-a. Bez obzira na ovu specifičnost, MIB jeste garantni fond, institut koji postoji i u drugim evropskim zemljama. Britanski sudovi izjašnjavali su se o pravnoj prirodi MIB-a. Case law u Ujedinjenom Kraljevstvu ranije je smatrao da je MIB institut privatnog prava. Pod uticajem Suda pravde Evropske unije, drugačije stanovište je prevladalo. Sudovi Velike Britanije prihvatili su argumentaciju evropske pravosudne institucije. Oni sada smatraju da je MIB subjekt javnog prava-pojavni oblik države. Takvo shvatanje implementirano je u pravo Ujedinjenog Kraljevstva i neće biti napušteno posle Bregzita. Britanski primer pokazuje kako dilema o pravnoj prirodi garantnog fonda može da se reši u zemlji koja je izvan Evropske unije.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/spz66-34574
primljen: 24.10.2021.
prihvaćen: 09.03.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 24.05.2022.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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