• citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:[1]
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:16
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:7


article: 2 from 51  
Back back to result list
2022, vol. 12, iss. 2, pp. 310-322
Correlation and predictors of self-help skills and teaching barriers in children with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders
University of Belgrade, Faculty for Special Education and Rehabilitation, Serbia,,
Keywords: intellectual disability; autism spectrum disorders; self-help skills; teaching barriers
Practical skills involve activities that enable independent functioning. People with intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) require systematic teaching in order to acquire them which excludes barriers. The aim is to determine correlation between the level of self-help skills and the presence of teaching barriers. The secondary aim is to determine the predictors for acquisition of both. The sample comprised of 53 participants of different age and gender, diagnosed with ID or ASD. The level of self-help skills was determined with the use of Checklist for self-help skills assessment (Verbal Behavior Milestones and Assessment protocol - VB Mapp Self Care Checklist Supplement - Sundberg, 2008), while the presence of teaching barriers was assessed by using the Barriers Assessment Scale (VB-Mapp Barriers Assessment - Sundberg, 2008). The results show that gender and diagnosis are not significant predictors of either self-help skills or teaching barriers. The participants from the youngest age group have lower level of self-help skills than the participants from the middle and oldest age group and they have more teaching barriers than both other age groups. The participants with more teaching barriers have lower level of self-help skills. The results indicate the need for removing barriers during the treatment of these children from an early age, in order to enable acquiring self-help skills, but other skills as well. It is important to determine the most prevalent barriers in both groups, as well as self-help domains in which they have deficits.
AAMR (2002) Mental retardation: Definition, classification and systems of supports. Washington, DC: American Association on Mental Retardation, 10th edition
Agran, M., Spooner, F., Tracie-Lynn, Z.T. (2008) Health and safety adaptive skill area. in: Oakland T.; Harrison P.L. [ed.] ABAS-II Clinical Use and Interpretation, str. 137-154
American Psychiatric Association (2000) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Washington, DC
Anđelković, M., Vučinić, V., Krstić, N., Stanimirov, K., Martać, V. (2021) Svakodnevne životne veštine dece sa vizuelnim smetnjama predškolskog uzrasta. in: Stojković I.; Dučić B.; Stanimirov K. [ed.] 11 međunarodni naučni skup Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija danas, Beograd: Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju, 451-457
Barnes, C.S., Mellor, J.R., Rehfeldt, R.A. (2014) Implementing the Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment and Placement Program (VB-MAPP): Teaching assessment techniques. Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 30(1): 36-47
Buha, N., Gligorović, M. (2012) Pažnja kao faktor adaptivnih veština kod dece sa lakom intelektualnom ometenošću. in: Gligorović M. [ed.] Zbornik radova II naučnog skupa Stremljenja i novine u specijalnoj edukaciji i rehabilitaciji, Beograd: Univerzitet u Beogradu - Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju, str. 79-88
Chadwick, O., Piroth, N., Walker, J., Bernard, S., Taylor, E. (2000) Factors affecting the risk of behaviour problems in children with severe intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 44(2): 108-123
Chi, I.J., Lin, L.Y. (2021) Relationship between the performance of self-care and visual perception among young children with autism spectrum disorder and typical developing children. Autism Research, 14(2): 315-323
Chou, Y.C., Wehmeyer, M.L., Palmer, S.B., Lee, J. (2017) Comparisons of self-determination among students with autism, intellectual disability, and learning disabilities: A multivariate analysis. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 32(2), 124-132
Clark, M., Adams, D. (2020) Parent-reported barriers and enablers of strengths in their children with autism. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 29(9): 2402-2415
Deegan, D., Wims, P., Pettit, T. (2016) Practical skills training in agricultural education-a comparison between traditional and blended approaches. Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 22(2): 145-161
Dimitrijević, B. (2014) Usluge u zajednici kao podrška roditeljima u pružanju dugotrajne nege deci i mladima sa invaliditetom. Godišnjak Fakulteta političkih nauka, vol. 8, br. 11, str. 113-130
Dykens, E.M., Hodapp, R.M., Finucane, B.M. (2000) Genetics and mental retardation syndromes: A new look at behavior and interventions. Baltimore: Paul Brookes
Dykens, E.M. (2000) Annotation: Psychopathology in children with intellectual disability. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41(4): 407-417
Flynn, L., Healy, O. (2012) A review of treatments for deficits in social skills and self-help skills in autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6(1): 431-441
Freeman, J.L. (2016) Transitioning children with autism from one-on-one discrete-trial settings to special education classrooms. Dissertations, pp. 2485; Dostupno na:
Gajić, A., Arsić, B., Bašić, A., Maćešić-Petrović, D. (2021) Teaching children with autism spectrum disorders nose blowing. Isagoge, 1(7): 12-21
Gajić, A., Arsić, B., Maćešić-Petrović, D., Bašić, A., Zdravković-Parezanović, R. (2021) Teaching a child with autism spectrum disorders to tolerate delayed reinforcement. European Journal of Special Education Research, 7(2), 110-118
Gligorović, M., Buha, N., Matić, K. (2017) Auditivna pažnja i praktične adaptivne veštine kod osoba sa umerenom intelektualnom ometenošću. Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija, 16(2), 149-171
Ivancic, M., Belisle, J. (2019) Resolving barriers to an applied science of the human condition: Rule governance and the verbal behavior of applied scientists. Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 35(2): 196-220
Japundža-Milisavljević, M., Brojčin, B., Banković, S. (2011) Praktične veštine kod dece s intelektualnom ometenošću. Pedagogija, 4(11), 572-578
Mcconnell, D., Llewellyn, G., Mayes, R., Russo, D., Honey, A. (2003) Developmental profiles of children born to mothers with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 28(2): 122-134
Mcdougal, E., Riby, D.M., Hanley, M. (2020) Teacher insights into the barriers and facilitators of learning in autism: Research in autism spectrum disorders. 79, 1-9
Mefford, H.C., Batshaw, M.L., Hoffman, E.P. (2012) Genomics, intellectual disability, and autism. New England Journal of Medicine, 366(8): 733-743
Metcalfe, J., Mischel, W. (1999) A hot/cool-system analysis of delay of gratification: Dynamics of willpower. Psychol Rev, 106(1): 3-19
Movahedzadeh, B., Shah-Mansouri, M.S. (2017) Effectiveness of applied behavior analysis in the self-help skills and stereotyped behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorder in Isfahan. Social Determinants of Health, 3(4): 141-147
Norman, J.M., Collins, B.C., Schuster, J.W. (2001) Using an instructional package including video technology to teach self-help skills to elementary students with mental disabilities. Journal of Special Education Technology, 16(3): 5-18
Not, T. (2008) Mentalna retardacija - definicija, klasifikacija i suvremena podrška osobama s intelektualnim teškoćama. Nova prisutnost - časopis za intelektualna i duhovna pitanja, 6 (3), 339-350
Olley, J.G. (1999) Curriculum for students with autism. School Psychology Review, 28(4): 595-607
Picardi, A., Gigantesco, A., Tarolla, E., Stoppioni, V., Cerbo, R., Cremonte, M., Alessandri, G., Lega, I., Nardocci, F. (2018) Parental burden and its correlates in families of children with autism spectrum disorder: A multicentre study with two comparison groups. Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health, 14(1): 143-176
Price, K.J., Joschko, M., Kerns, K. (2003) The ecological validity of pediatric neuropsychological tests of attention. Clinical Neuropsychologist (Neuropsychology, Development and Cognition: Section D), 17(2): 170-181
Reid, S.M., Meehan, E.M., Arnup, S.J., Reddihough, D.S. (2018) Intellectual disability in cerebral palsy: A population-based retrospective study. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 60, 687-694
Richardson, L. (2022) Commentary on 'Adapted guided self-help booklets for supporting the wellbeing of people with intellectual disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic'. Tizard Learning Disability Review, 27(1): 26-30
Schmidt, L., Kirchner, J., Strunz, S., Broźus, J., Ritter, K., Roepke, S., Dziobek, I. (2015) Psychosocial functioning and life satisfaction in adults with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual impairment. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71(12): 1259-1268
Schoen, S.F., Sivil, E.O. (1989) A comparison of procedures in teaching self-help skills: Increasing assistance, time delay, and observational learning. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 19(1): 57-72
Sparrow, M.K. (1994) Imposing duties: Government's changing approach to compliance. Westport, CT: Praeger, p. 1
Sundberg, M.L. (2008) Verbal behavior milestones assessment and placement program: The VB-MAPP. Concord, CA: AVB Press
Sundberg, M.L. (2016) The value of a behavioral analysis of language for autism treatment. in: Romanczyk R. G.; McEachin J. [ed.] Comprehensive models of autism spectrum disorder treatment, New York: Springer International Publishing, 81-116
Teovanović, P. (2020) Statistika u specijalnoj edukaciji i rehabilitaciji. Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju (ICF, pp. 1-211
Tsai, L.Y., Beisler, J.M. (1983) The development of sex differences in infantile autism. British Journal of Psychiatry, 142(4): 373-378
Vietze, P., Lax, L.E. (2020) Early intervention ABA for toddlers with ASD: Effect of age and amount. Current Psychology, 39(4), 1234-1244
Vissers, L.E., Gilissen, C., Veltman, J.A. (2016) Genetic studies in intellectual disability and related disorders. Nature Reviews Genetics, 17(1), 9-18
Woolf, S., Woolf, C.M., Oakland, T. (2010) Adaptive behavior among adults with intellectual disabilities and its relationship to community independence. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 48(3): 209-215
Yanchik, A. (2021) Effect of natural environment training and discrete trial training on adaptive behaviors. in: Theses, dissertations and culminating projects, 755-755,


article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/IstrPed2202310A
published in SCIndeks: 28/01/2023
Creative Commons License 4.0

Related records

No related records