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2020, vol. 22, br. 2, str. 1-14
Otvorenost privrede kao determinanta privrednog rasta - panel analiza zemalja regiona Zapadnog Balkana
Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Ekonomski fakultet

e-adresaf.bugarcic@kg.ac.rs, pveselinovic@kg.ac.rs
Sažetak
Otvorenost privrede i njena intenzivna uključenost u međunarodne trgovinske i privredne tokove ima važnu ulogu u stimulisanju privrednog rasta i razvoja jedne nacionalne ekonomije. Cilj istraživanja je utvrđivanje stepena uticaja i efekata izvoza, uvoza i stranih direktnih investicija (SDI) na privredni rast. Primenjena metodologija istraživanja je panel regresiona analiza na primeru šest zemalja regiona Zapadnog Balkana u periodu od 2000. do 2018. godine. U radu su testirane tri hipoteze. H1: Izvoz pozitivno utiče na privredni rast; H2: Uvoz doprinosi rastu BDP-a; H3: SDI ostvaruju pozitivan uticaj na ekonomski rast. Rezultati pokazuju da sve tri varijable imaju pozitivan, statistički značajan uticaj na BDP. Najveći efekat na privredni rast u analiziranom uzorku ima izvoz, što implicira zaključak neminovnosti intenzivnijeg učešća ovih privreda u međunarodnim trgovinskim tokovima.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/EkoPog2002001B
primljen: 28.09.2020.
prihvaćen: 12.10.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 21.01.2021.