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2022, vol. 27, br. 53, str. 57-65
Biodiversity of a red clover collection based on morpho-productive traits
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Odsek/institut za ratarstvo, Katedra za genetiku, oplemenjivanje bilja i semenarstvo
bNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad

e-adresacalic@agrif.bg.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200116)

Ključne reči: morfo-produktivne osobine; crvena detelina; varijabilnost; analiza glavnih komponenti; klaster analiza
Sažetak
Crvena detelina (Trifolium pratense L.) jeste livadsko-pašnjačka vrsta na prirodnim staništima, a i kultivisana vrsta koja se koristi u ishrani životinja. Svrha ovog istraživanja je bila procena diverziteta 46 genotipova crvene deteline na osnovu morfološko-produktivnih osobina. Proučavane su osobine na osnovu UPOV deskriptora - broja internodija, broja grana, dužine stabla, širine stabla, dužine centralne liske, širine centralne liske, prinosa zelene mase i prinosa suve materije. Analizom glavnih komponenti (PCA) morfo-produktivnih osobina crvene deteline objašnjeno je 74% varijanse standardizovanih podataka i prikazani su odnosi 46 genotipova crvene deteline i osam morfološko-produktivnih osobina, povezanost osobina i performansa genotipova. Među utvrđenim Euklidovim distancama, najmanja vrednost je izračunata za genotipove Rotra i Titus (0,048), najveća je bila 1,099 za par NCPGRU2 i Čortanovci, a prosečna vrednost je iznosila 0,380. Primenom neponderisanog metoda parnih grupa sa aritmetičkim prosecima (UPGMA), dendrogramom 46 genotipova crvene deteline konstruisanim na osnovu osam morfo-produktivnih osobina izdvojena su dva klastera. Prvi klaster je sadržao dva potklastera, dok se drugi klaster sastojao od četiri potklastera. Grupisanje genotipova crvene deteline pomoću UPGMA klaster analize moglo se dovesti u vezu sa geografskim poreklom genotipova: centralna i južna Evropa za tri potklastera i severoistočna Evropa za jedan potklaster.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/AASer2253057R
primljen: 05.01.2022.
prihvaćen: 29.04.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 15.07.2022.
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