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2021, br. 53, str. 7-21
Razmatranje nove tipologije naselja u Srbiji
Institut za arhitekturu i urbanizam Srbije, Beograd

e-adresamarijanap@iaus.ac.rs
Ključne reči: tipologija naselja; Anketa o prihodima i uslovima života (SILC); klaster analiza; Srbija
Sažetak
Podela naselja/područja na Urbana i ruralna je tradicionalno primenjivana u statističkom izveštavanju širom sveta. Ovi izveštaji se koriste kao baza za kreiranje i implementaciju razvojnih politika i mera. Ipak, međunarodne politike poput onih kreiranih u okviru Evropske unije (EU), kao i nacionalne politike, pokazuju tendenciju ka prepoznavanju, definisanju i izdvajanju prelaznih tipova naselja. Plan implementacije Prostornog plana Republike Srbije (2010) pozvao je na kreiranje nove definicije pojma "naselje" i kriterijuma za određivanje nove tipologije naselja do kraja 2015. godine. Osim teoretskog doprinosa, ovaj cilj nije dostignut. S druge strane, shodno svom statusu zemlje koja pristupa EU, ova zajednica očekuje od Srbije kreiranje i primenu trihotomne tipologije. U tom svetlu, ovaj rad ima za cilj da analizira i diskutuje novu kategorizaciju naselja imajući u vidu aspekte broja kategorija, broja varijabli, odabira varijabli i teritorijalni nivo na kojem bi se prikupljali podaci. Ovi aspekti su testirani empirijski na setu podataka prikupljenom u Anketi o prihodima i uslovima života (SILC) u Srbiji. Podaci su analizirani kroz dva pristupa: deskriptivnom i klaster analizom. U diskusiji je povučena paralela sa primerima iz drugih zemalja i drugim teoretskim preporukama, a na osnovu toga su date i preporuke za Srbiju.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/a-u0-31678
primljen: 15.04.2021.
prihvaćen: 15.06.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 07.01.2022.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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