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2019, vol. 72, br. 11-12, str. 363-366
Povezanost korišćenja psihoaktivnih supstancija i nasilja
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za psihijatriju i medicinsku psihologiju + Klinički centar Vojvodine, Klinika za psihijatriju, Novi Sad
bKlinički centar Vojvodine, Klinika za neurologiju, Novi Sad + Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za neurologiju

e-adresavladimir.knezevic@mf.uns.ac.rs
Sažetak
Uvod. Povezanost korišćenja psihoaktivnih supstancija i agresije proizilazi iz činjenice da postoji veliki broj ljudi koji zloupotrebljavaju alkohol i droge u grupi učinilaca nasilnih krivičnih dela. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se utvrdi učestalost zavisnika od psihoaktivnih supstancija u populaciji učinilaca nasilnih krivičnih dela, kao i da se razmotre moguće mere koje bi dovele do smanjenja kriminaliteta u ovoj populaciji. Materijal i metode. Razmatrana su sudsko-psihijatrijska veštačenja u kojima su procenjivani 94 učinilaca krivičnih dela od 2001. do 2018. godine. Ova veštačenja su sprovedena na Klinici za psihijatriju u Novom Sadu i u njima su razmatrane informacije iz sudskih spisa, medicinske dokumentacije, psihijatrijskog pregleda i psihološkog testiranja svih učinilaca nasilnih krivičnih dela. Rezultati. Utvrdili smo da je čak 25% od ukupno 94 učinilaca nasilnih krivičnih dela bolovalo od nekog oblika mentalnog poremećaja. Više od polovine osoba sa mentalnim poremećajima iz ove grupe je bolovalo od mentalnog poremećaja uslovljenog korišćenjem psihoaktivnih supstancija, što znači da je čak 15% svih učinilaca imalo neki oblik bolesti zavisnosti. S druge strane, čak 50% svih učinilaca je bilo intoksicirano psihoaktivnim supstancijama, dominantno alkoholom, u vreme izvršenja dela. Zaključak. Potrebno je sprovoditi dalja istraživanja u cilju razvijanja specifičnih programa prevencije nasilja u populaciji osoba koje zloupotrebljavaju psihoaktivne supstancije.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: stručni članak
DOI: 10.2298/MPNS1912363K
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 06.06.2020.