Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:2
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:2

Sadržaj

članak: 2 od 325  
Back povratak na rezultate
2020, vol. 35, br. 3, str. 161-172
Da li gajenje kukuruza u monokulturi pospešuje zakorovljenost divljim sirkom (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.)?
Institut za kukuruz 'Zemun polje', Beograd-Zemun

e-adresasmilena@mrizp.rs
Projekat:
Integralni sistemi gajenja ratarskih useva: očuvanje biodiverziteta i plodnosti zemljišta (MPNTR - 31037)

Sažetak
Divlji siriak (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) je vrlo čest korov na poljima u Srbiji. Intenzivna zakorovljenost divljim sirkom ozbiljno ograničava proizvodnju kukuruza, naročito kada se on gaji u monokulturi. Suština borbe protiv ovog korova je pravovremena primena više mera suzbijanja čim se divlji sirak uoči i pre nego što razvije veliku masu rizoma i dobro se ukoreni. Poljski ogled je izveden u Institutu za kukuruz Zemun Polje, sa ciljem da se utvrdi kako profitom dirigovano gajenje kukuruza u monokulturi utiče na zakorovljenost, naročito na rasprostranjenost i brojnost divljeg sirka, kao i na produktivnost kukuruza. Hibrid ZP 606 je gajen u monokulturi u periodu 2009-2018. godine u gustini od 59.500 biljaka ha-1.Polje pod kukuruzom u monokulturi je podeljeno na deo na kome je primenjivan herbicid pre nicanja useva (isoksaflutol + metolahlor (750 + 960 g am) i deo koji nije bio tretiran - kontrola. Intenzitet zakorovljenosti je određen 4-5 nedelja nakon primene herbicida merenjem broja jedinki vrsta (NI), ukupne sveže biomase (TB) i ukupne suve mase (TDW) svih korova i sveže biomase divljeg sirka (SB) i njegove suve mase (JDW). Žetveni indeks (HI) i prinos zrna (GY) određeni su na kraju vegetacionog perioda kukuruza. Svi parametri korova u velikoj meri su zavisili od agro-meteorološkoh uslova godine, primene herbicida i njihove interakcije. U proseku, TDW je iznosila 760,7 g m-2 u kontroli i 142,2 g m-2 na tretiranoj parceli, od čega je udeo suve mase divljeg sirka bio 34,8% u kontroli i 48.7% na tretiranoj parceli. Primena herbicida smanjila je suvu masu divljeg sirka prosečno za 77.6%, iako se ona sa godinima povećavala. Prema regresionoj analizi, JDW je negativno uticala na GY (R2 = - 0,094) u kontroli, dok se GY povećavao sa smanjenjem JDW u varijanti sa primenjenim herbicidom (R2 =-0,4439). Monokulturu kukuruza bi trebalo zameniti plodoredom da bi se sprečilo zakorovljavanje divljim sirkom i postigla veća produktivnost useva.
Reference
Barroso, J., Maxwell, B.D., Dorado, J., Andújar, D., San, M.C., Fernández-Quintanilla, C. (2016) Response of Sorghum halepense demographic processes to plant density and rimsulfuron dose in maize crop. Weed Research, 56(4): 304-312
Beckie, H.J. (2006) Herbicide-Resistant Weeds: Management Tactics and Practices. Weed Technology, 20(3): 793-814
Bendixen, L.E. (1988) Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) Management Systems. Weed Technology, 2(1): 64-67
Brown, S.M., Chandler, J.M., Morrison, J.E.Jr. (1988) Glyphosate for Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) Control in No-Till Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Weed Science, 36(4): 510-513
Čuturilo, S., Mijatović, K. (1969) Suzbijanje divljeg sirka u kukuruzu primenom herbicida na strnjištu / Control of Sorghum halepense in maize by applying herbicides on stubble. Savremena poljoprivredna tehnika, 17: 1-6
Dražić, D., Malidža, G., Orbović, B. (1999) Johnsongrass control in corn monoculture. Zbornik radova Instituta za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, 132, 127-136
Faria, R.M., Barros, R.E., Tuffi, S.L.D. (2014) Weed interference on growth and yield of transgenic maize. Planta Daninha, 32(3): 515-520
Ferrell, A.J., Witt, W.W. (2000) Comparison of weed management strategies with Roundup Ready ®Corn. Agronomy Notes (University of Kentucky), 32(2)
Ghosheh, H.Z., Chandler, J.M. (1998) Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) Control Systems for Field Corn (Zea mays) Utilizing Crop Rotation and Herbicides. Weed Technology, 12(4): 623-630
Karkanis, A., Athanasiadou, D., Giannoulis, K., Karanasou, K., Zografos, S., Souipas, S., Bartzialis, D., Danalatos, N. (2020) Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.) Interference, Control and Recovery under Different Management Practices and its Effects on the Grain Yield and Quality of Maize Crop. Agronomy, 10(2): 266-266
Liebman, M., Staver, C.P. (2001) Crop diversification for weed management. u: Liebman M., Mohler L.C., Staver P.C. [ur.] Ecological Management of Agricultural Weeds, Cambridge University Press, 322-374
Malidža, G. (2015) Identification and distribution of als resistant Sorghum halepense populations in Serbia. u: Gerowitt B., Soukup J., Darmency H. [ur.] The European Weed Research Society Symposium (17th), Proceedings of, Montpellier, France: AFPP, pp 115
Marković, M. (1987) Dosadašnji rezultati i perspectiva hemijskog suzbijanja divljeg sirka u kukuruzu. Fragmenta herbologica Jugoslavica, 16(1-2): 209-220
Mitskas, M.B., Tsolis, C.E., Eleftherohorinos, I., Damalas, A.C. (2003) Interference between corn and Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) from seed or rhizomes. Weed Science, 51(4): 540-545
Monaghan, N. (1979) The biology of Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense). Weed Research, 19(4): 261-267
Salifu, M. (2018) The Impact of Crop Rotation and Nutrient Levels on Nutrition Quality, Yield and Yield Components of Maize (Zea maize L). International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology, 3(2): 522-524
Seifert, C.A., Roberts, M.J., Lobell, D.B. (2017) Continuous Corn and Soybean Yield Penalties across Hundreds of Thousands of Fields. Agronomy Journal, 109(2): 541-548
Simić, M., Dolijanović, Ž., Maletić, R., Stefanović, L., Filipović, M. (2012) Weed suppression and crop productivity by different arrangement patterns of maize. Plant, Soil and Environment, 58(No. 3): 148-153
Simić, M., Spasojević, I., Dragičević, V., Kovačević, D., Dolijanović, Ž., Brankov, M. (2017) Plant height and grain yield of maize in different cropping systems. u: The International Scientific Agricultural Symposium 'Agrosym 2017' (6th), Proceeding of, Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina: Faculty of East Sarajevo, 583-589
Simić, M., Spasojević, I., Brankov, M., Dragičević, V. (2014) Integrisana primena plodoreda i herbicida za kontrolu korova u kukuruzu. Biljni lekar, vol. 42, br. 2-3, str. 209-216
Simić, M.S., Dragičević, V., Chachalis, D., Dolijanović, Ž., Brankov, M. (2020) Integrated weed management in long-term maize cultivation. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, 107(1): 33-40
Spasojević, I., Simić, M., Kovacević, D., Dragicević, V., Brankov, M., Dolijanović, Ž. (2015) Comparison of different crop sequences and their influences on maize growing parameters and yield. u: The International Scientific Agricultural Symposium 'Agrosym 2015' (6th), Proceeding of, Jahorina, Bosnia and Herzegovina: Faculty of East Sarajevo, 413-417
Stanković, R., Šinžar, B. (1994) Suzbijanje korova u usevu semenskog kukuruza s posebnim osvrtom na Sorghum halepense / Weed control in the crop of maize seed with special reference to Sorghum halepense. Pesticidi / Pesticides, 9: 101-106
Stef, R., Carabet, A., Grozea, I., Radulov, I., Manea, D., Berbecea, A. (2015) Allelopathic effects produced by Johnson grass extracts over germination and growth of crop plants. Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca Agriculture, 72(1), 239-245
Stefanović, L., Videnović, Ž., Jovanović, Ž., Vesković, M. (1995) Uticaj plodoreda i obrade zemljišta na pojavu sirka u usevu kukuruza / Influence of crop rotation and tillage on the occurrence of Sorghum halepense in maize crop. u: Simpozijum sa međunarodnim učešćem 'Oplemenjivanje, proizvodnja i iskorišćavanje kukuruza - 50 godina Instituta za kukuruz 'Zemun Polje'', 28-29. septembar 1995 / Symposium 'Maize breeding, production, Beograd: Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, str. 375-379
Stefanović, L., Simić, M., Šinžar, B. (2011) Kontrola korova u agroekosistemu kukuruza / Weed control in the maize agroecosystem. Belgrade: Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, pp.1-680
Travlos, I.S., Montull, J.M., Kukorelli, G., Malidza, G., Dogan, M.N., Cheimona, N., Peteinatos, G. (2019) Key Aspects on the Biology, Ecology and Impacts of Johnsongrass [Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers] and the Role of Glyphosate and Non-Chemical Alternative Practices for the Management of This Weed in Europe. Agronomy, 9(11): 717-717
Videnović, Ž., Dumanović, Z., Simić, M., Srdić, J., Babić, M., Dragičević, V. (2013) Genetic potential and maize production in Serbia. Genetika, vol. 45, br. 3, str. 667-677
Wozniak, A. (2008) Influence of different share of spring wheat in crop rotation on leaf area index (LAI). Acta Agrophysica, 12, 269-276
 

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/PIF2003161S
primljen: 10.11.2020.
prihvaćen: 01.12.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.03.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

Povezani članci