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2021, vol. 37, br. 1, str. 65-73
Uticaj faze košenja i bakterijskog inokulanta na kvalitet silaže crvene deteline
aBiounik d.o.o., Research and Development Center, Šimanovci
bInstitut za stočarstvo, Beograd-Zemun

e-adresavioleta_randjelovic@yahoo.com
Projekat:
The results of the research presented in this paper were financed by the Development Agency of Serbia (No 1-05-401-1068/2017).
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Institut za stočarstvo, Beograd-Zemun) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200022)

Sažetak
U radu je ispitivan uticaj dve faze košenja crvene deteline u proleće u drugoj godini eksploatacije (početak cvetanja (rana) i puno cvetanje (kasna)) i bakterijskog inokulanta "Silko za lucerku" (sadrži Lactobacillus plantarum i Pediococcus spp.) na kvalitet silaže. Za istraživanje je korišćena komercijalna sorta Nada selekcionisana u BC Institutu u Zagrebu. Silaža je analizirana u mini silosima (staklene tegle zapremine 1,5 l) u laboratoriji. Hemijski sastav, energetski i fermentacioni parametri silaže analizirani su 90 dana nakon siliranja. Vrednosti suve materije, kiselih (ADF) i neutralnih deterdžentskih vlakna (NDF), mlečne kiseline i pH bile su značajno niže, dok su sadržaj sirovih proteina, ukupna svarljiva hranljiva materija (USHV), relativna hranljiva vrednost (RHV), sadržaj amonijačnog azota u ukupnom azotu (NH3-N TN), sirćetne i buterne kiseline bili značajno veći u prvoj fazi košenja. Inokulacija sa inokulantom "Silko za lucerku" je poboljšala hemijske, energetske i fermentacione parametre silaža. Silaža tretirana inokulantom imala je niži sadržaj ADF, NDF, NH3-N TN, sirćetne i buterne kiseline i pH, i više suve materije, sirovih proteina, TDN, RFV i mlečne kiseline od kontrolne. Prema tome, pravovremena faza košenja useva i primena mikrobiološkog inokulanta može doprineti manjem gubitku hranljive vrednosti krme i promovisati kvalitet silaže.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/BAH2101065D
primljen: 05.02.2021.
prihvaćen: 22.03.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 06.04.2021.
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