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Public libraries and protection of cultural heritage during emergencies
Matična biblioteka "Ljubomir Nenadović", Valjevo

emailocvioleta@gmail.com
Keywords: state of emergency; disaster risk management; public libraries; Valjevo; floods; library experts; cultural heritage; old and rare books; legal framework
Abstract
Every state of emergency endangers libraries as institutions for the protection of cultural heritage, old and rare library materials, and other library funds categorized as materials of special importance. Risk management caused by floods, fires, earthquakes, landslides, and other natural disasters, pandemics, wars, and other emergencies caused by human activities, in terms of preventive action and development of plans for protection and rehabilitation of cultural heritage from disasters, has not yet been implemented in regular procedures in public libraries. The existing legal framework provides an optimal level of protection, but implementation is partial. The resources of public libraries are not sufficient to provide a quality level of protection of cultural heritage, primarily because library experts are not involved in the protection system. Disaster risk management in the field of cultural heritage requires the introduction of binding procedures, regular education, improvement of relations, and a stronger connection of all participants in the protection system while providing financial support. Due to all the above, this paper describes the legislative framework in the Republic of Serbia, and then the experience of the Valjevo library during the floods in 2014, in order to better observe the position of cultural institutions and the importance of further engagement in the area of risk prevention.
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About

article language: Serbian
document type: Review Paper
DOI: 10.19090/cit.2021.39.47-56
received: 06/11/2021
revised: 15/11/2021
accepted: 18/11/2021
published in SCIndeks: 28/12/2021

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