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2021, vol. 49, iss. 4, pp. 773-783
Organizational efficiency prospects for management in Industry 4.0
aUniversity of Minho, School of Engineering, Centro ALGORITMI, Portugal
bUniversity of Minho, School of Engineering, Department of Production and Systems Engineering, Centro ALGORITMI, Portugal
This work has been supported by FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia within the R&D Units Project Scope: UIDB/00319/2020

Industry 4.0 emerges as a tool to help organizations manage. Often identified with the Internet of Things and Cyber-Physical Systems, Industry 4.0 appears as a solution to many of the difficulties plaguing manufacturing. The history of management theories, e.g. by Taylor, Fayol, or Simon, shows that deterministic solutions do not ensure the permanent success of organizations. In manufacturing, the economy overlaps the technological, social, environmental, and cultural dimensions that influence organizations. This paper assesses the possible benefits for the efficiency of the organizations resulting from the implementation of Industry 4.0. To fulfill this purpose, the effects on the hierarchical structures of organizations are investigated, namely those related to specialization, authority, and span of control. The results show that technological advances and efficiency of industry 4.0, which are relevant for the economy, still do not respond satisfactorily to social needs that require changes in the behavior of the management system.
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article language: English
document type: unclassified
DOI: 10.5937/fme2104773P
received: 15/01/2021
accepted: 15/09/2021
published in SCIndeks: 26/11/2021
Creative Commons License 4.0

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