• citations in SCIndeks: [1]
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:27
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:19


article: 8 from 9  
Back back to result list
2006, vol. 21, iss. 3, pp. 239-244
Control of Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli on bean using copper compounds and a plant activator
aInstitute of Pesticides and Environmental Protection, Belgrade
bUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture
Keywords: common blight of beans; xanthomonas campestris PV. phaseoli; copper compounds; Bion; mancozeb
The efficacy of several new formulations of copper compounds, namely Cuprozin 35 WP (copper-oxychloride), Cuproxat (copper-sulphate), Funguran OH (copper-hydroxide) and the plant activator Bion (acibenzolar-S-methyl), and their combinations with dithiocarbamates (Dithane M-70) was estimated in controlling Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli (artificial inoculation) in field conditions in two localities during 2006. In the locality Zemun, the efficacy of copper compounds ranged from 92.7% to 98.5%. The plant activator Bion 50 WG exhibited similar efficacy (94.4-97.1%). Combinations of Funguran OH and Dithane M-70, applied at different concentrations, also showed high efficacy (98.3-99.3%), as well as the combinations of Bion 50 WG and the other bactericides (95.5-96.8%). There was no significant difference between the efficacies achieved by the compounds applied individually and their combinations, except Cuproxat, which exhibited decreased efficacy at lower concentration. In the locality Smederevska Palanka, the efficacy of copper compounds was 95.0-98.2%, while Bion achieved 96.8-97.7% efficacy. Combinations of copper-hydroxide (Funguran OH) and dithiocarbamates (Dithane M-70) also showed high efficacy (98.1-99.4%) but without a significant difference. The efficacy of combinations of Bion and copper-hydroxide, and Bion and mancozeb was 97.9-98.9%. There was no significant difference in the efficacies of the bactericides tested or the efficacies of their combinations in that locality. Our investigation confirmed high efficacy of acibenzolar-S-methyl, which was equal to the efficacy of standard bactericide treatment. This compound therefore offers a very good alternative to conventional chemicals used for controlling bacterial diseases in beans.
Adaskaveg, J.E., Hine, R.B. (1985) Copper tolerance and zinc sensitivity of Mexican strains of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria, causal agent of bacterial spot of pepper. Plant Disease, 69(11): 993-6
Arsenijević, M. (1982) Bakterioze pasulja i boranije. Zaštita bilja, 161, str. 347-356
Arsenijević, M., Balaž, J., Ozorak, G. (1985) Xanthomonas Campestris pv. Phaseoli (Smith) Dye kao parazit boranije i pasulja u nas. Zaštita bilja, 173: 273-285
Arsenijević, M., Balaž, J. (1980) Bakterioze boranije i mogućnost njihovog hemijskog suzbijanja. Glasnik zaštite bilja, 11: 380
Balaž, J. (1991) Ispitivanje mogućnosti hemijskog suzbijanja Xanthomonas campestris pv. Phaseoli (Smith) Dye parazita pasulja. Pesticidi, (6) 3-4 str. 171-173
Hammerschmidt, R., Metraux, J.P., van Loon, L.C. (2001) Inducing resistance. A summary of papers at the First International Symposium on Induced Resistance to Plant Diseases. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 107 (1): 1
Klement, Z., Kastori, R.R., Sands, D.C. (1990) Methods in phytobacteriology. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
Lahman, L.K., Schaad, N.W. (1985) Evaluation of the 'dome test' as a reliable assay for seed borne bacterial blight pathogens of beans. Plant Dis, 69, str. 680-683
Louws, F.J., Wilson, M., Campbell, H.L., Cuppels, D.A., Jones, J.B., Shoemaker, P.B., Sahin, F., Miller, S.A. (2001) Field control of bacterial spot and bacterial speck of tomato using a plant activator. Plant Disease, 85(5): 481-488
Marco, G.M., Stall, R.E. (1983) Control of bacterial spot of pepper initiated by strains of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria that differ in sensitivity to copper. Plant Disease, 67(7): 779-81
Meier, U., ur. (1997) Entwicklungsstadien mono - und dikotyler Pflanzen. in: BBCH-Monograph, Berlin-Wien: Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag
Pernezny, K., Kudela, V., Kokoškova, B., Hladka, I. (1995) Bacterial diseases of tomato in the Czech and Slovak Republics and lack of streptomycin resistance among copper-tolerant bacterial strains. Crop Protection, 14 (4): 267-270
Romero, A.M., Kousik, C.S., Ritchie, D.F. (2001) Resistance to bacterial spot in bell pepper induced by acibenzolar-S-methyl. Plant Dis, 85, str. 189-194
Saettler, A.W. (1971) Seedling injection as an aid in identifying bean blight bacteria. Plant Dis. Rep, 55, str. 703-706
Sticher, L., Mauchmani, B., Metraux, J.P. (1997) Systemic acquired resistance. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 35(1): 235
Sutton, M.D., Wallen, V.R. (1970) Epidemiological and ecological relations of Xanthomonas phaseoli and X. phaseoli var. fuscans on beans in southwestern Ontario, 1961-1963. Can. J. Bot., 48, str. 1329-1334
Wallen, V.R., Sutton, M.D., Grainger, P.N. (1963) A high incidence of fuscous blight in Sanilac beans from southwestern Ontario. Plant Dis. Rep, 47, str. 652-653
Weller, D.M., Saettler, A.W. (1980) Evaluation of seedborne Xanthomonas phaseoli and X. phaseoli var. fuscans as primary inocula in bean blight. Phytopathology, 70, str. 148-152
Weller, D.M., Saettler, A.W. (1976) Chemical control of common and fuscous bacterial blights in Michigan navy (pea) beans. Plant Disease Reporter, 60(9): 793-7
Wimalajeewa, D.L., Nancarrow, R.J. (1980) Survival in soil of bacteria causing common and halo blights of French bean in Victoria. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 20 (102): 102


article language: Serbian
document type: Scientific Paper
published in SCIndeks: 02/06/2007