Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:5
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:4

Sadržaj

članak: 6 od 26  
Back povratak na rezultate
2020, vol. 52, br. 1-2, str. 47-56
Nivo empatije i stigmatizacije prema osobama sa mentalnim poremećajima od strane studenata medicinskog fakulteta
aUniversity of Montenegro, Medical School, Podgorica, Montenegro + Clinical Center of Montenegro, Psychiatric Clinic, Podgorica, Montenegro
bClinical Center of Montenegro, Psychiatric Clinic, Podgorica, Montenegro

e-adresainjacl19@gmail.com
Sažetak
Glavni cilj ovog rada bio je istražiti nivo empatije kod studenata medicine kao i njihove stavove prema osobama sa mentalnim poremećajem. Ispitali smo 144 studenta Medicinskog fakulteta u Podgorici (Crna Gora), od čega su 37.7% bili muškarci, a 62.3% žene. Prosjek dob ispitanika bila je 21.85 (SD = 2.65). Dizajnirali smo Skalu stavova prema osobama sa mentaslnim poremećajima (SAMIP), a analizom glavnih komponenti otkriveno je da se ovaj instrument može podijeliti u dvije podskale - Pozitivan odnos prema osobama sa mentalnim poremećajima (PAMI, a = .903) i Stigmatizacija osoba sa mentalnim poremećaima (SMI, a = .875). Ove podkategorije imale su veoma dobru pouzdanost (tj. unutrašnju konzistentnost). Druga mjera bio je Upitnik za empatiju koji je jednodimenzionalni instrument s vrlo visokim nivoom unutarnje konzistentnosti (a = .924). Rezultati su otkrili visoku pozitivnu povezanost između nivoa empatije i pozitivnog stava prema osobama s mentalnim bolestima, nisku povezanost empatije s godinom studija, nisku negativnu povezanost između stigmatizacije mentalno obolelih i dobi učesnika, kao i nisku pozitivnu korelaciju sklonosti ka stigmatiziranju sa prosjekom ocjena i očekivanjima od njihove profesije. Navedene su i preporuke za dalja istraživanja u ovoj oblasti.
Reference
Bratek, A., Bulska, W., Bonk, M., Seweryn, M., Krysta, K. (2015) Empathy among physicians, medical students, and candidates. Psychiatria Danubina, 27: 48-52
Corrigan, P.W., Watson, A.C. (2002) Understanding the impact of stigma on people with mental illness. World Psychiatry, 1: 16-20
Duarte, M.I., Branco, M.C., Raposo, M.L., Rodrigues, P.J. (2015) Empathy in medical students as related to gender, year of medical school and specialty interest. South-East Asian Journal of Medical Education, 9: 50-53
Duarte, M.L., Raposo, M.L., Rodrigues, P.J., Branco, M.C. (2016) Measuring empathy in medical students, gender differences and level of medical education: An identification of a taxonomy of students. Investigación en Educación Médica, 5: 253-60
Gaumer, E.A.S., Soukup, J.H., Noonan, P.M., Mcgurn, L. (2016) Empathy questionnaire. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas, Center for Research on Learning
Hojat, M., Gonnella, J.S., Nasca, T.J., Mangione, S., Vergare, M., Magee, M. (2002) Physician empathy: Definition, components, measurement, and relationship to gender and specialty. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159: 1563-9
Imran, N., Haider, I.I. (2007) The stigmatization of psychiatric illness: What attitudes do medical students and family physicians hold towards people with mental illness?. Pak J Med Sci, 23: 318-22
Magalhães, E., Salgueira, A.P., Costa, P., Costa, M.J. (2011) Empathy in senior year and first year medical students: A cross-sectional study. BMC Medical Education, 11(1): 52-8
Martinez, V., Vasquez, C., Nava, E., Smith, K., Avilla, R. (2017) Factors affecting stigma toward people with schizophrenia and video-based interventions for stigma reduction. UC Merced Undergraduate Research Journal, 10: 1-9
Mas, A., Hatim, A. (2002) Stigma in mental illness: Attitudes of medical students towards mental illness. Med J Malaysia, 57: 433-44
Naeem, F., Ayub, M., Javed, Z., Irfan, M., Haral, F., Kingdon, D. (2006) Stigma and psychiatric illness: A survey of attitude of medical students and doctors in Lahore, Pakistan. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad, 18: 46-9
Neumann, M., Edelhauser, F., Tauschel, D., Fisher, M., Wirtz, M., Woopen, C., Haramati, A., Scheffer, C. (1999) Empathy decline and its reasons: A systematic review of studies with medical students and residents. Academic Medicine, 86: 996-1009
Nunes, P., Williams, S., Sa, B., Stevenson, K. (2011) A study of empathy decline in students from five health disciplines during their first year of training. International Journal of Medical Education, 2: 12-17
 

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: istraživački članak
DOI: 10.5937/PsihDan2001047I
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 26.03.2021.
Creative Commons License 4.0