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2019, vol. 147, br. 5-6, str. 281-285
Znanje i stavovi beogradskih studenata medicine i stomatologije o upravljanju medicinskim otpadom
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za higijenu i medicinsku ekologiju
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Stomatološki fakultet, Klinika za oralnu hirurgiju
cUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Fakultet medicinskih nauka, Katedra za neurologiju
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za patološku anatomiju

e-adresajelenil77@gmail.com
Sažetak
Uvod/Cilj Znanje i praktične veštine upravljanja medicinskim otpadom su od posebnog značaja za doktore medicine i stomatologije. Komparativna studija o znanju i veštinama iz oblasti upravljanja medicinskim otpadom sprovedena je među beogradskim studentima prvi put, u cilju ispitivanja da li ovom izuzetno važnom oblašću studenti medicine i stomatologije vladaju podjednako dobro. Metode Ova studija preseka obuhvatila je 558 studenata šeste godine studija na Beogradskom univerzitetu (430 studenata medicine i 128 studenata stomatologije), koji su popunili anonimni upitnik o znanju i stavovima o upravljanju medicinskim otpadom. Rezultati Većina studenata stomatologije i medicine nisu imali nikakvu posebnu obuku iz upravljanja medicinskim otpadom (79,5% i 74,6%). Studenti stomatologije su češće koristili zaštitnu opremu (94,5% prema 42%, p < 0,001). Vakcinalna zaštita od hepatitisa B je kompletnija među studentima medicine u odnosu na studente stomatologije (57,7% prema 39,1%, p < 0,001). Znanje o profilaksi posle izloženosti bolja je među studentima medicine (44,5% prema 13,3%, p < 0,001). Međutim, studenti stomatologije su ažurniji u pogledu prijavljivanja povreda na radnom mestu (63,1% prema 52,4%, p = 0,038). Znanje studenata o primarnoj separaciji infektivnog otpada i korišćenih igala je bolje među budućim stomatolozima (tačni odgovori 93% nasuprot 77,8%; p < 0,001 i 80,3% prema 70,4%; p = 0,007). Zaključak Studenti stomatologije imaju bolje znanje o upravljanju medicinskim otpadom i disciplinovaniji su u pogledu korišćenja zaštitne opreme na radu u odnosu na studente medicine. Studenti podržavaju kontinuiranu edukaciju o upravljanju medicinskim otpadom i dalja istraživanja o ovoj temi.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.2298/SARH180405065I
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 02.08.2019.

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