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2022, vol. 55, br. 2, str. 149-168
Percipirani doživljaj nedostatka kontrole i verovanja u teorije zavere u sklopu političkih borbi i prirodne katastrofe
aUniversity of Otago, Department of Psychology, Dunedin, New Zealand
bUniversity of Otago, Centre for Science Communication, Dunedin, New Zealand

e-adresaana.stojanov@otago.ac.nz
Ključne reči: verovanja u zavere; opažena kontrola; kompenzatorna verovanja; prirodne katastrofe; politička previranja
Sažetak
Dok je nedostatak kontrole jedno od mogućih objašnjenja verovanja u teorije zavere, eksperimentalni dokazi daju mešane rezultate. Predstavljamo dve naturalističke studije (studije u prirodnim uslovima, prim. prev.) koje daju ograničenu potporu hipotezi o kontroli. U prvoj studiji, Makedonci koji žive u (Severnoj) Makedoniji (N = 116) su popunili skalu ideacije o zaveri (eng. conspiracy ideation scale, prim. prev.) neposredno nakon što je na osnovu referenduma ime zemlje promenjeno iz "Makedonija" u "severna Makedonija" i nakon godinu dana (od promene imena, prim. prev.). protivnici (promene imena, prim. prev.), čija je kontrola snižena nakon promene imena su imali viši nivo verovanja u zavere, što nije bio slučaj sa onima koji su podržavali promenu. Dobijeni rezultati su replicirani i prošireni u drugoj studiji koja je sprovedena sa Amerikancima (N = 266) nakon niza udara ozbiljnih i razarajućih tornada: efekti su bili potvrđeni samo za verovanja u zavere koja su bila povezana sa pretećim događajem. Ove studije ukazuju na moguću vezu između nedostatka kontrole i verovanja u zavere u realnom svetu.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.2298/psi201115009S
primljen: 15.11.2020.
revidiran: 09.03.2021.
prihvaćen: 25.03.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 08.04.2022.
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