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2015, br. 27, str. 49-63
Opasnosti od eksplozije koje potiču od amonijum nitrata
Projekat:
Višenamenski autonomni sistem za daljinsko praćenje parametara stanja u rudnicima i okruženju (MPNTR - 33003)

Ključne reči: amonijum nitrat; eksplozija; nesreća; rukovanje; skladištenje; transport
Sažetak
Amonijum nitrat (AN) primarno se koristi kao đubrivo ali je takođe i veoma važan sastojak u proizvodnji industrijskih eksploziva. Primena amonijum nitrata u proizvodnji industrijskih eksploziva povezana je sa ranim dobom Nobelovih dinamita, a uveliko je povećana sa pojavom eksplozivnih sastava kao što su ANFO i Slari, sredinom prošlog veka. Milioni tona amonijum nitrata se godišnje proizvede i koristi bez incidenata širom sveta. Iako se obično amonijum nitrat bezbedno koristi, nesreće sa eksplozijama u kojima je uključen amonijum nitrat imaju visok uticaj, dovodeći do gubitka života ljudi i uništavanja imovine. U radu su prikazane osnovne karakteristike amonijum nitrata, kao i opasnosti pri rukovanju amonijum nitratom u cilju sprečavanja nesreće. Nekoliko nesreća sa eksplozijama amonijum nitrata koje su dovele do katastrofalnih posledica navedene su u radu kao primer nepoštovanja propisanih procedura.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/podrad1527049N
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 08.01.2016.

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