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2017, vol. 70, br. 9-10, str. 297-306
Procena rizika ispravnosti vode za piće iz javnih bunara
Institute of Public Health of Vojvodina, Novi Sad

e-adresasanja.bijelovic@mf.uns.ac.rs
Sažetak
Uvod. Utvrđivanje zdravstvene ispravnosti vode treba posmatrati kroz proces analize rizika, koji podrazumeva procenu, upravljanje i komunikaciju u vezi sa rizikom. Procena rizika definiše aktivnosti kao što su prepoznavanje i karakterizacija opasnosti koje mogu usloviti obolevanje ljudi, procenu izloženosti i karakterizaciju rizika. Cilj rada bio je prepoznavanje mikrobiološke, hemijske i fizičke opasnosti u vodi za piće javnih bunara koje mogu uticati na zdravlje ljudi i sagledati rezultate analiza zdravstvene ispravnosti vode za piće javnih bunara analizom rizika, a ne primenom nacionalnih propisa. Materijal i metode. Uzimanje i analiza uzoraka vode za piće iz 20 javnih bunara na teritoriji Južnobačkog upravnog okruga tokom 2016. obavio je Institut za javno zdravlje Vojvodine u skladu sa akreditovanim, standardizovanim i propisanim metodama. Opasnosti su definisane u skladu sa međunarodnim preporukama. Rizik je procenjen semikvantitavnom metodom, koja ukrštanjem verovatnoće pojavljivanja i posledica po zdravlje ljudi, kategoriše rizik kao mali, srednji, visok i veoma visok. Rezultati. Od ukupno 218 analiziranih uzoraka vode za piće, samo 10% je zdravstveno ispravno u odnosu na propisane normative. Prepoznate opasnosti u vodi za piće javnih bunara su termotolerantni mikroorganizmi (posebno Escherichia coli), eneterokoke (genus Streptococcus), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vrste i koncentracija nitrata iznad propisanih graničnih vrednosti. Rizik upotrebe vode za piće koji doprinosi obolevanju osetljive populacije, procenjen kao visok, utvrđen je u 2/3 kontrolisanih javnih bunara, dok u 1/3 upotreba vode za piće predstavlja srednji rizik, uslovljavajući promenu izvorišta vode za piće među stanovništvom. Zaključak. Procena rizika predstavlja alatku koja obezbeđuje lako razumljive i jasne informacije o mogućnosti upotrebe vode JB sa posledičnim uticajem na zdravlje ljudi, te je sistemska primena principa procene rizika kao načina utvrđivanja zdravstvene ispravnosti vode za piće najveći izazov za upravljanje zdravstvenom bezbednošću vode za piće u Republici Srbiji.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/MPNS1710297B
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 15.12.2017.

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