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2015, vol. 68, br. 11-12, str. 382-386
Znanja i stavovi studenata zdravstvenih nauka prema starim osobama
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za zdravstvenu negu
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za zdravstvenu negu + Medical School ' April', Novi Sad
cUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za zdravstvenu negu + Klinički centar Vojvodine, Klinika za infektivne bolesti, Novi Sad

e-adresamilutind021@gmail.com
Ključne reči: Znanje o zdravlju; stavovi i praksa; Studenti zdravstvene nege; Stari ljudi; Stari ljudi; 80 i više godina; Zdravstvena nega; Nega u gerijatriji; Kvalitet zdravstvene nege; Predrasude ostarim osobama; Upitnici
Sažetak
Uvod. Obrazovanje studenata zdravstvenih nauka iz gerijatrije je važno za pružanje optimalne zdravstvene zaštite rastućoj populaciji starih jer upravo stavovi zdravstvenih radnika prema starima imaju ključnu ulogu u kvalitetu nege koja se pruža. Stoga je cilj ove studije bio da proceni znanja i stavove studenata zdravstvenih nauka prema starenju i brizi o starima. Materijal i metode. Istraživanje je sprovedeno u obliku studije preseka na uzorku od 130 studenata medicine, zdravstvene nege i specijalne edukacije i rehabilitacije Medicinskog fakulteta Univerziteta u Novom Sadu podeljenih u dve grupe. U prvoj grupi (E) bili su studenti - njih 61, koji je su imali edukaciju iz Gerijatrije i nege starih lica, dok je drugu grupu (K) činilo 69 studenata koji nisu imali edukaciju. Za procenu znanja studenata koristio se kviz Činjenice o starenju (Facts on Aging Quiz), a za procenu stavova Koganova skala stavova o starenju (Kogan's Attitude toward Older People Scale). Rezultati. Rezultat kviza Činjenica o starenju pokazao je statistički značajnu razliku između E i K-grupe (t = - 2,407 df = 128 p˂0,01). Studenti obe grupe su najviše znanja pokazali u oblasti fizičkog zdravlja. Najmanje znanja u oblasti socijalnog položaja starih pokazali su studenti E-grupe, dok su studenti iz K-grupe imali najniže znanje u oblasti mentalnog zdravlja starih. Analiza Koganove skale pokazala je da studenti obe grupe imaju neutralne stavove prema starima. Utvrđeno je i da između znanja i stavova studenta postoji pozitivna korelacija. Zakjučak. Dokaza o povezanosti obrazovanja, znanja i stavova prema starima sve je više, što ukazuje na to da ako studenti imaju bolje obrazovanje o svim aspektima starenja, njihovi stavovi će biti pozitivniji, a interesovanje za rad sa starima veće.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/mpns1512382m
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 05.01.2016.

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