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2021, vol. 50, br. 2, str. 73-86
Profesija sestrinstva u savremenom sistemu zdravstvene zaštite i javnom zdravlju - nove uloge i izazovi
aVisoka škola strukovnih studija za obrazovanje vaspitača i trenera, Departman za biomedicinske nauke, Subotica
bVisoka škola strukovnih studija za obrazovanje vaspitača i trenera, Departman za biomedicinske nauke, Subotica + Institut za plućne bolesti, Sremska Kamenica
cAkademija strukovnih studija, Odsek Visoka zdravstvena škola strukovnih studija, Katedra za zdravstvenu negu, Beograd

e-adresadejanzivanovic@vsovsu.rs
Sažetak
Imajući u vidu opšti značaj brige o zdravlju stanovništva, jasno je da sistem zdravstvene zaštite predstavlja jedan od najsloženijih sistema jedne države u organizacionom smislu, sa elementima koji efikasnim funkcionisanjem treba da obezbede fizički, geografski i ekonomski dostupnu, integrisanu i kvalitetnu zdravstvenu zaštitu. Istorijski posmatrano, sestrinstvo je kao profesija prolazilo kroz niz razvojnih faza, uvek nastojeći da odgovori postavljenim izazovima struke i prati savremene trendove i potrebe društva. Definisanjem sestrinstva kao integralne i samostalne profesije u okviru sistema zdravstvene zaštite, pred savremenu medicinsku sestru je postavljen čitav niz profesionalnih, obrazovnih i društvenih izazova, naročito u onim zemljama u kojima sestrinska profesija još uvek ima neadekvatan društveni imidž, kako u javnosti, tako i u profesionalnim krugovima. Promena uloge medicinskih sestara u reformisanim evropskim i severnoameričkim zdravstvenim sistemima je naročito vidljiva u primarnoj zdravstvenoj zaštiti i javnom zdravlju, gde su sestre preuzele jednu od vodećih uloga u organizaciji sistema rada. Sa jedinstvenim profesionalnim fokusom koji istovremeno može biti usmeren na pojedinca i porodicu, ili sistem i zajednicu, savremeno sestrinstvo je, kao zdravstvena profesija, izuzetno povoljno pozicionirano da odgovori na potrebu savremenog društva za integracijom zdravstvenih usluga, i ujedno ostvari aktivan doprinos pozitivnim promenama u organizaciji savremenog sistema zdravstvene zaštite.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/zdravzast50-30873
primljen: 15.02.2021.
revidiran: 27.06.2021.
prihvaćen: 01.07.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 14.07.2021.

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