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2019, vol. 67, br. 1, str. 93-115
Model odlučivanja pri upravljanju mrežom šumskih puteva
Univerzitet odbrane, Vojna akademija, Beograd

e-adresasrdjan.dimic@mod.gov.rs, srdjan.ljubojevic@va.mod.gov.rs
Ključne reči: mreža šumskih puteva; odlučivanje; strategija; FDA'WOT model; fuzzy delfi; fuzzy SWOT; AHP
Sažetak
Eksploatacija šumskih resursa i ostvarenje punog potencijala šuma zavise od gustine i kvaliteta mreže šumskih puteva. Kako treba da zadovolji više funkcija, ona ima strategijski značaj u upravljanju šumama. Pri planiranju razvoja mreže šumskih puteva, donosioci odluka moraju da uzmu u obzir brojne tehnološke, ekonomske, društvene i prirodne - ekološke faktore, što znači da je neophodan sveobuhvatan i funkcionalan pristup. U ovom radu prikazan je hibridni metodološki okvir za formulisanje smernica na kojima treba definisati stretegiju razvoja državne mreže šumskih puteva. U tu svhu predložena je fuzzy modifikacija A'WOT metode. Predloženi model, nazvan FDA'WOT model, zasnovan je na ideji da se kroz kombinaciju fuzzy delfi tehnike, fuzzy SWOT (snage - Strenghts, slabosti - Weaknesses, šanse - Opportunities, pretnje - Threats) analize i analitičkog hijerarhijskog procesa (AHP) obezbedi konceptualni okvir za izbor optimalne strategijske opcije. FDA'WOT model omogućava prevazilaženje problema klasične SWOT analize koji se odnose na neodređenosti i neizvesnosti prilikom procene karaktera, uticaja i relativne važnosti strategijskih faktora. On predstavlja formalni okvir za višekriterijumsko odlučivanje, koji omogućava da se na analitičan način odredi prioritet alternativnih strategijskih opcija i izabere optimalna. Predloženi model primenjen je na primeru izbora strategijske opcije razvoja mreže šumskih puteva u Republici Srbiji, a prezentovani rezultati pokazuju da FDA'WOT model stvara uslove za formulaciju održive strategije.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/vojtehg67-18446
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 10.01.2019.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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