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2021, vol. 25, br. 1, str. 24-27
Rok upotrebe osmotski sušenog kupusa - PCA analiza
aInstitut za prehrambene tehnologije, Novi Sad
bInstitut za opštu i fizičku hemiju, Beograd
cUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Tehnološki fakultet

e-adresabiljana.cvetkovic@fins.uns.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Institut za prehrambene tehnologije, Novi Sad) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200222)

Ključne reči: Kupus; Osmotski tretman; Održivost; PCA; MAP
Sažetak
Cilj ovog rada je da se analizira održivost osmotski dehidriranog belog kupusa. Hibrid "Bravo" je analiziran i podvrgnut osmotskom tretmanu u tri različita osmotska rastvora. Rastvor S1 je zasićen rastvor sharoze i natrijum hlorida u vodi, rastvor S2 je mešavina rastvora S1 i melase šećerne repe u odnosu 1:1 i rastvor S3 je čista melasa sa sadržajem suve materije od 84,05 %. Nakon osmotskog tretmana kupus je pakovan u poliamid/polietilen kese na laboratorijskoj pakerici sa vakuum zaptivanjem uz prethodno uvođenje modifikovane atmosfere u mešavini gasova od 40:60/ CO2:N2 (atmosfera 1) i 80:20/CO2:N2 (atmosfera 2). Tokom 90 dana skladištenja praćeni su mikrobiološki i hemijski parametri, instrumentalno merenje boje i senzorska svojstva. Kod kupusa dehidriranog u sva tri rastvora zabeležen je pad sadržaja ukupnih kiselina i posledično rast pH vrednosti tokom skladištnja, naročito kod rastvora S3. Pakovanje u MAP bez prisutva vazduha dovelo je do pada ukupnog broja mikroorganizama dok je rast kvasaca i plesni u potpunosti inhibiran. Tokom skladištenja dolazi do sukcesivnog smanjenja sadržaja L-askorbinske kiseline u kupusu i retencija je najveća nakon osmotskog rastvora S2 i iznosi 15,25 % nakon skladištenja od 90 dana. Senzorska analiza je pokazala zadovoljavajući kvalitet osmotski dehidriranog kupusa nakon 90 dana skladištenja. PCA analiza je uspešno opisala eksperimentalne rezultate. PCA analiza se može primenjivati u procesu optimizacije osmotskog tretmana u cilju dobijanja željenog kvaliteta finalnog proizvoda i efikasno koristiti u prediktivne svrhe.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/jpea24-30891
primljen: 16.02.2021.
prihvaćen: 06.04.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 07.05.2021.

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