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Europe is dead on the philosophy of liberation of Enrique Dussel
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Philosophy, Institute of Philosophy, Serbia
History of Serbian Philosophy (MESTD - 179064)

Keywords: I/ The Other; center/ periphery; being/ non-being; ontology; ego cogito/ ego conquiro; Europe/ Latin America; opposition
This paper discusses the idea of the Other in the works of the leading theo­retician of the philosophy of liberation, Enrique Dussel. Although the philosophy of liberation is an authentic thought that establishes its princi­ples in contrast to the fundamental propositions of European reflexive culture, the wider audience outside Latin America is little acquainted with it. It is a philosophy that analyzes the Other in a scope of dialectics of the center and periphery, relating the civilized and developed world to the idea of the first, and the rest of the world to the latter, for which the 'first' one shows a direct and concrete interest. The practical sphere is brought into connection with the ontological one: the enslaved and exploited Other is marginalized to the periphery of being; in fact, he is made into non-being. His destruction is effected: as the one who is not me (multitude), the Other is at first made second-rated and thus less valuable (hierarchy) by the mere accidence of non being European (paradigm), only to be then easily thrown into non-existance, evened with nothingness (annihilation). Such an atti­tude implies an uncritical philosophy of domination, a particular imperial ontology, which is articulated as a hegemonic speech of (European) being and represents the theoretical completion of practical attitude toward the downtrodden Other. (Dussel accepts the Levinasian concept of the imperial character of Western thought). A special place is given to the fundamental subject of Modernity, the ego cogito, which on a practical level turns into an aggressive and annihilating ego conquiro of real historical and cultural oppression, being politically profiled through Homo homini lupus, and onto­logically through polemos pater. Its certainty is self-certainity of the conquistador, the winning side in war, Lord the Other is the pueblo, people. Resolution of the conflict, however, lies in the preference of neither the center nor the periphery, but in their dialectical mediation. However, according to Dussel's opinion, this neither should nor could prevent the articulation of an authentic voice and action of the Other, who autono­mously creates his history and, in the place of Nietzsche, declares.Europe is dead.
Dussel, E. (1979) Introduction a la Filosofía de la Liberation con un ensayo preliminar y bibliografia de Germán Marquínez Argote. Bogotá: Nueva América
Dussel, E. (1985) Philosophy of Liberation. New York: Orbis Books
Dussel, E. (1988) La ética de la liberation ante el Desafío de Apel, Taylor y Vattimo con Respuesta Critica Inédita de K.O. Appel. Universitad Autóctona del Estado de México
Dussel, E. (1993) The Underside of Modernity: Apel, Ricoeur, Rorty, Taylor, and The Philosophy of Liberation. New Jersey: Humanities Press
Dussel, E. (1996) Filosofía de liberation. Bogotá: Nueva America
Marley, B. (1976) War. in: Rastaman Vibration, Kingston: island
Mendieta, E. (1993) Editor's Note. in: Dussel, E [ed.] The Underside of Modernity: Apel, Ricoeur, Rorty, Taylor, and The Philosophy of Liberation (p. vii-xi), New Jersey: Humanities Press


article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/zrffp45-9246
published in SCIndeks: 08/01/2016
peer review method: double-blind

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