Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:20
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:15

Sadržaj

članak: 4 od 99  
Back povratak na rezultate
2021, vol. 18, br. 1, str. 43-62
Medijsko uokviravanje trgovine ljudima
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet bezbednosti

e-adresadjukicandjelija93@gmail.com
Sažetak
U poslednjim decenijama primetno je pojačano angažovanje međunarodne zajednice u borbi protiv trgovine ljudima, čemu su doprineli i mediji. Njihova uloga ogleda se u izgradnji određenih stavova javnosti i uticaju na donošenje političkih odluka. U radu se, na osnovu izabrane literature, razmatra medijsko uokviravanje trgovine ljudima, od devedesetih godina do danas. Mediji odlučuju o načinu pristupanja trgovini ljudima, sadržajima i uzrocima, izvorima informacija, postupcima generisanja alternativnih rešenja i njihovom predstavljanju, kao i o motivacionim postupcima za pokretanje akcija javnosti i političara, čime kreiraju dijagnostičke, prognostičke i motivacione okvire. Na osnovu sagledanih istraživanja, zaključuje se da medijski okviri trgovine ljudima nisu holistički, nego segmentarni, i umesto sveobuhvatnog pristupa - prezentuju se stereotipi, u kojima se trgovina ljudima poistovećuje sa seksualnom eksploatacijom ili se razmatra kao posledica migracija ili delovanja organizovanog kriminala. Na ovaj način se nanosi šteta žrtvama, otežava prepoznavanje svih učinilaca i vrši usko fokusiranje napora za suzbijanje. Uočava se da u odnosima medija, javnosti i organa vlasti, u postupku kreiranja politike i primene rešenja za suprotstavljanje, postoje značajni uticaji kreatora politike na medijsko uokviravanje, a time i na stavove javnosti, čime se obezbeđuje podrška i legitimitet donetih ili budućih političkih odluka. Radi ilustracije raznolikosti medijskog predstavljanja trgovine ljudima kao kompleksne pojave i mogućnosti različitih analiza medijskih okvira, prezentovani su glavni nalazi nekoliko istraživanja u SAD, EU i Srbiji.
Reference
*** (2000) Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
*** (2000) United Nations Convention against transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto. New York: United Nations
Amy, F., Stephanie, F. (2009) The problem of human trafficking in the US: Public frames and policy responses. Journal of Criminal Justice, 6/2009, 617-626
Anne, G.T. (2010) The international law of human trafficking. New York: Cambridge University Press
Baker, N. (2013) Moving Beyond 'Slaves, Sinners, and Saviors': an Intersectional Feminist Analysis of US Sex-Trafficking Discourses, Law and Policy. Journal of Feminist Scholarship, 4/2013, 1-23
Barnett, Barbara A. (2014) Sex trafficking in mass media: gender, power and personal economies. u: Montiel Vega Aimée [ur.] Media and Gender: A Scholarly Agenda for the Global Alliance on Media and Gender, Paris: UNESCO, 23-29
Benford, R.D., Snow, D.A. (2000) Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and Assessment. Annual Review of Sociology, 1/2000, 611-639
Chuang, J.A. (2014) Exploitation creep and the unmaking of human trafficking law. American Journal of International Law, 4/2014, 609-649
Council Of Europe (2005) Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. Warsaw
Doezema, J. (2002) Who gets to choose? Coercion, consent, and the UN Trafficking Protocol. Gender & Development, 1/2002, 20-27
Doreen, M.M. (2012) International human trafficking: An agenda-building analysis of the US and British press. International Communication Gazette, 2/2012, 145-158
Entman, R.M. (1993) Framing: Toward Clarification of a Fractured Paradigm. Journal of Communication, 4/1993, 51-58
Finckenauer, J., Jahic, G.O. (2005) Representations and misrepresentations of human trafficking. Trends in Organized Crime, 3/2005, 24-40
Friman, R., Reich, S., ur. (2008) Human trafficking, human security, and the Balkans. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press
Girish, G.J. (2010) Media representation of human trafficking in the United States, Great Britain, and Canada. SSRN Electronic Journal, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1633574 (20.07.2019)
Girish, G.J. (2011) News frames and story triggers in the media's coverage of human trafficking. Human Rights Review, 3/2011, 363-379
Greer, C. (2007) News Media, Victims and Crime. u: Davies Pamela, Francis Peter, Greer Chris [ur.] Victims, Crime and Society, London: SAGE Publications, 48-65
Haroldson, Rebecca L. (2014) Human trafficking: as viewed through the eyes of criminal justice students. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University, master thesis
International Labour Organization I.L.O. (2017) Global Estimates of Modern Slavery: Forced Labour and Forced Marriage. Geneva
international Organisation For Migration Iom (1999) The role of legal systems in the combat against human trafficking (Statement of IOM in the International Seminar on Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Women). Porto
Johnston, A., Barbara, F., Shafer, A. (2014) Framing the problem of sex trafficking: whose problem? what remedy?. Feminist Media Studies, 3/2014, 419-436
Kempadoo, K. (2015) The modern-day white (wo)man's burden: trends in anti-trafficking and anti-slavery campaigns. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1/2015, 8-20
Laura, H.A. (2016) Always victimizers, never victims: engaging men and boys in human trafficking scholarship. Journal of Human Trafficking, 4/2016, 281-296
Lee, M. (2011) Trafficking and global crime control. London: Sage publications
Meghan, S.R. (2014) Chronicling a crisis: Media framing of human trafficking in India, Thailand, and the USA. Asian Journal of Communication, 4/2014, 315-332
Muraszkiewicz, J., Georgiou, M., Constantinou, A. (2015) Deliverable D1.2: Review of the media framing of human trafficking. u: Trafficking as A Criminal Enterprise, Brussels: European Union, https://www. researchgate.net/publication/ 327107447_Review_of_the_media_framing_of_ human_trafficking (04.08.2019)
Nils, C. (1986) The Ideal Victim. u: Fattah, Ezzat A. [ur.] From Crime Policy to Victim Policy, London: Palgrave Macmillan, str. 17-30
o'Brien Erin (2016) Human trafficking heroes and villains: representing the problem in anti-trafficking awareness campaigns. Social & Legal Studies, 2: 205-224
Rachealle, S., Daniel, M.E., Ronald, W. (2016) Framing human trafficking: A content analysis of recent US newspaper articles. Journal of Human Trafficking, 2: 139-155
Rachel, A., Amy, F. (2017) Human trafficking and the media in the United States. u: Pontell N. henry [ur.] Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Oxford: Oxford University Press, https:// oxfordre.com/criminology/ view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190264079.001.0001/ acrefore-9780190264079-e-290 (20.08.2019)
Radović, I., i dr. (2008) Trgovina ljudima -priručnik za novinare. Beograd: ASTRA
Rodríguez-Lopez, S. (2018) (de)constructing stereotypes: media representations, social perceptions, and legal responses to human trafficking. Journal of human trafficking, 1: 61-72
Saunders, P., Gretchen, S. (2003) Threat or opportunity? Sexuality, gender and the ebb and flow of trafficking as discourse. Canadian Woman Studies, 3-4/2003, 16-24
Scarpa Silvia (2008) Trafficking in human beings: modern slavery. New York: Oxford University Press Inc
Teresa, K.C. (2018) Understanding the Nature of Human Trafficking: A Content Analysis Approach. Cincinnati: University of Cincinnati, doctoral dissertation
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2018) Global Report on Trafficking in Persons. New York: United Nations
Wallinger, Caroline S. (2010) Media representation and Human trafficking: how AntiTrafficking Discourses Affects Trafficked Persons. u: Paper presented to the Second Annual Conference on human Trafficking, Lincoln: University of Nebraska, https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/humtrafconf2/4/ (10.08.2019)
Weitzer, R. (2007) The Social Construction of Sex Trafficking: Ideology and Institutionalization of a Moral Crusade. Politics & Society, 3/2007, 447-475
White, A. (2017) Media and Trafficking in Human Beings Guidelines, International Centre for Migration Policy Development. Vienna, https://ethical-journalismnetwork.org/resources/publications/media-trafficking-guidelines/introduction
 

O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/MegRev2101043D
primljen: 14.04.2020.
prihvaćen: 23.04.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 28.12.2021.
Creative Commons License 4.0

Povezani članci

Nema povezanih članaka