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2020, vol. 72, br. 1, str. 41-55
Trgovina ljudima u oružanim sukobima
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet bezbednosti + Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije

e-adresadjukicandjelija93@gmail.com
Sažetak
U radu se, na osnovu izabrane literature i izveštaja međunarodnih organizacija, razmatraju najznačajniji faktori koji utiču na trgovinu ljudima i oblici eksploatacije žrtava u toku i posle oružanih sukoba. Ti faktori u miru, kao što su siromaštvo, nedostatak mogućnosti zapošljavanja, politička nestabilnost i rodna i druge nejednakosti, pojačavaju se u oružanim sukobima usled slabljenja državnih institucija, urušavanja vladavine zakona, opšteprisutnog nasilja i povećane potražnje za određenim ljudskim resursima. Većem obimu trgovine ljudima doprinose povećani ljudski, materijalni i ekonomski gubici, nemogućnost porodica i drugih zajednica da obezbede osnovne životne potrebe i migracije stanovništva. Nastaju novi metodi vrbovanja i eksploatacije žrtava, kao što su različite forme seksualnog nasilja, eksploatacija dece, prevarna ili prisilna regrutovanja boraca, a česta je i trgovina radi uzimanja ljudskih organa. Povoljni uslovi za trgovinu ljudima opstaju i posle zaključenja formalnog primirja ili mira, ali se stvaraju i novi, kao i nove kategorije ranjivih lica. Trgovini ljudima u postkonfliktnom periodu, iako uglavnom indirektno, pogoduje i prisustvo različitih inostranih mirovnih i drugih misija, posebno trgovini radi seksualne i radne eksploatacije.
Reference
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Besenyo, J. (2017) The Islamic State and its human trafficking practice. Strategic Impact, 60(3): 15-21
Black, R., Bennett, S.R., Thomas, S.M., Beddington, J.R. (2011) Climate change: Migration as adaptation. Nature, 478(7370): 447-449
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/vojdelo2001041D
primljen: 26.05.2020.
prihvaćen: 21.09.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 09.10.2020.

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