Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:12
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:1

Sadržaj

članak: 5 od 107  
Back povratak na rezultate
2020, vol. 77, br. 12, str. 1289-1297
Odnos između somatskih tegoba, crta ličnosti i pozitivnosti
Univerzitet Union, Fakultet za pravne i poslovne studije 'dr Lazar Vrkatić', Studijski program Psihoterapija , Novi Sad

e-adresav.petrovic581@gmail.com
Sažetak
Uvod/Cilj. Nedavna istraživanja su se bavila utvrđivanjem razlika u crtama ličnosti i njihove uloge u promociji zdravlja i moderiranju osetljivosti na nesreće i bolest. Cilj ovog rada bio je da se istraži moderatorska uloga somatskih tegoba i relacija crta ličnosti operacionalizovanih putem modela Kibernetske baterije konativnih testova (KON-6) i pozitivnosti. Metode. Istraživanje je sprovedeno na uzorku od 512 studenata, prosečne starosti 23,83 godine, 56,3% ženskog pola, 23% sa somatskim tegobama. U istraživanju je korišćena Skala pozitivne orijentacije koja meri pozitivnost i KON-6 koja meri šest dinamskih crta ličnosti - Sistem regulacije aktiviteta (e), Sistem regulacije organskih funkcija (ch), Sistem regulacije odbrambenih reakcija (a), Sistem regulacije napada (s), Homeostatsku koordinaciju sistema (d) i Integrativnu regulaciju sistema (e). Rezultati. Sve konativne dimenzije ličnosti značajno su i adekvatno korelirale sa pozitivnošću, izuzev s, dok je poduzorak sa prisustvom somatskih tegoba demonstrirao više skorove crtama a i e, upućujući na viši nivo anksioznosti i socijalne usklađenosti. Na kontrole efekata pola i starosti, crte ličnosti zajedno sa prisustvom somatskih tegoba objasnile su ukupno 26% varijanse pozitivnosti, koju pozitivno predviđa viša aktivnost e, te negativno viša aktivnost a i d. Moderacioni uticaji prisustva somatskih tegoba bili su detektovani u dve specifične relacije. Pozitivnost se mogla negativno predvideti aktivnošću homeostatske koordinacije sistema (d), ali samo kod studenata sa malim brojem somatskih tegoba, što je bio i slučaj sa sistemom regulacije organskih funkcija (ch), ali samo kod snažnog prisustva somatskih tegoba. Zaključak. Pozitivnost predstavlja dobru organizacionu i regulacionu dispoziciju za regulaciju kognitivnih, konativnih i motoričkih funkcija. Takođe, delom je moderirana prisustvom somatskih tegoba. Praktične implikacije ovih nalaza predstavljaju konkretnu podršku za razvoj pozitivnosti kod ljudi kako bi se osnažilo zdravlje ljudi.
Reference
Alessandri, G., Caprara, G.V., de Pascalis, V. (2015) Relations among EEG-alpha asymmetry and positivity personality trait. Brain and Cognition, 97: 10-21
Baumeister, R.F. (1993) Self-esteem: The puzzle of low self regard. New York: Plenum Press
Borsa, J.C., Damásio, B.F., de Souza, D.S., Koller, S.H., Caprara, G.V. (2015) Psychometric properties of the positivity scale: Brazilian version. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 28(1): 61-67
Caprara, G.V., Barbaranelli, C., Borgogni, L. (1993) BFQ: Big Five Questionnaire. Firenze: O.S. Organizzazioni Speciali
Caprara, G.V., Alessandri, G., Caprara, M.V. (2019) Associations of positive orientation with health and psychosocial adaptation: A review of findings and perspectives. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 22(2): 126-132
Caprara, G.V., Fagnani, C., Alessandri, G., Steca, P., Gigantesco, A., Cavalli, S.L.L., Stazi, M.A. (2009) Human optimal functioning: The genetics of positive orientation towards self, life, and the future. Behavior Genetics, 39(3): 277-284
Caprara, G.V., Steca, P. (2005) Affective and social self-regulatory efficacy beliefs as determinants of positive thinking and happiness. European Psychologist, 10(4): 275-286
Caprara, G.V., Steca, P., Alessandri, G., Abela, J.R., Mcwhinnie, C.M. (2010) Positive orientation: Explorations on what is common to life satisfaction, self-esteem, and optimism. Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale, 19(1): 63-71
Caprara, G.V., Alessandri, G.A., Eisenberg, N., Kupfer, A., Steca, P., Caprara, M.G., Yamaguchi, S., Fukuzawa, A., Abela, J. (2012) The Positivity Scale. Psychological Assessment, 24(3): 701-712
Caprara, G.V., Nisini, R., Castellani, V., Vittorio, P., Alessandri, G., Vincenzo, Z., Claudia, F., Valentina, G., Andrea, P.D., Biondo, M.I., Milanetti, F., Salerno, G., Vincenzo, V. (2017) Lymphocyte subsets are influenced by positivity levels in healthy subjects before and after mild acute stress. Immunology Letters, 188: 13-20
Carver, C.S., Scheier, M.F. (2002) Optimism. u: Snyder C.R, Lopez J.L. [ur.] Handbook of positive psychology, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 231-243
Çıkrıkçı, Ö., Çiftçi, M., Gençdoğan, G. (2015) Pozitiflik Ölçeği Türkçe Formu'nun psikometrik özellikleri / the psychometric properties of the Turkish form of the Positivity Scale. Journal of Happiness and Well-Being, 3(1): 57-76. (Turkish)
Diener, E. (1984) Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95(3): 542-575
Diener, E., Diener, M. (1995) Cross-cultural correlates of life satisfaction and self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(4): 653-663
Diener, E., Emmons, R.A., Larsen, R.J., Griffin, S. (1985) The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1): 71-75
Digman, J.M. (1990) Personality structure: Emergence of the five-factor model. Annual Review of Psychology, 41(1): 417-440
Goodman, L.A. (1961) Snowball sampling. Annals of Mathematical Statistics, 32(1): 148-170
Greenberg, J., Solomon, S., Pyszczynski, T., Rosenblatt, A., Burling, J., Lyon, D., Simon, L., Pinel, E. (1992) Why do people need self-esteem?: Converging evidence that self-esteem serves an anxiety-buffering function. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63(6): 913-922
Harter, S. (1999) The construction of the self: A developmental perspective. New York: Guilford
Heikamp, T., Alessandri, G., Laguna, M., Petrovic, V., Caprara, M.G., Trommsdorff, G. (2014) Cross-cultural validation of the positivity-scale in five European countries. Personality and Individual Differences, 71: 140-145
Horga, S., Ignjatović, I., Momirović, K., Gredelj, M. (1982) An attachment to the knowledge of the structure of convective characteristics. Psihologija, 15(3-4): 3-34
John, O.P., Srivastava, S. (1999) The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. u: John O.P, Robins R.W, Pervin L.A. [ur.] Handbook of personality: Theory and research, New York, NY: Guilford Press, pp. 102-138
Kernis, M.H. (2003) Toward a conceptualization of optimal self-esteem. Psychological Inquiry, 14(1): 1-26
Łaguna, M., Oles', P.K., Filipiuk, D. (2011) Orientacja pozytywna i jej pomiar: Polska adaptacja Skali Orientacji Pozytywnej / Positive orientation and its measure: Polish adaptation of the Positivity Scale. Studia Psychologiczne, 49: 47-54. (Polish); doi: 10.2478/v10167-010-0035-7
Larsen, R.J., Buss, D.M. (2005) Personality psychology: Domains of knowledge about human nature. New York: McGraw-Hill
Lauriola, M., Iani, L. (2015) Does positivity mediate the relation of extraversion and neuroticism with subjective happiness?. PLoS One, 10(3): e0121991
Lucas, R.E., Diener, E., Suh, E. (1996) Discriminant validity of well-being measures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(3): 616-628
Mcadams, D.P., Pals, J.L. (2006) A new Big Five: Fundamental principles for an integrative science of personality. American Psychologist, 61(3): 204-217
Mccrae, R.R., Costa, P.T. J. (1987) Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(1): 81-90
Mccrae, R.R., Costa, P.T. J., Martin, T.A. (2005) The NEO-PI-3: A more readable revised NEO Personality Inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 84(3): 261-270
Međedović, J. (2013) Analysis of the interaction of predictors in the linear regression models: An example of party evaluation. Primenjena psihologija, vol. 6, br. 3, str. 267-286
Miciuk, Ł.R., Jankowski, T., Laskowska, A., Oleś, P. (2016) Positive orientation and the five-factor model. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 47(1): 141-148
Momirović, K., Wolf, B., Džamonja, Z. (1992) KON-6: Cybernetic battery of conative tests. Belgrade: Centar za primenjenu psihologiju, (Serbian)
Robinson, C., Schumacher, R.E. (2009) Interaction effects: Centering, variance inflation factor, and interpretation issues. Multiple Linear Regression Viewpoints, 35(1): 6-11
Royce, J.R., Powell, A. (1981) An overview of a multifactor-system theory of personality and individual differences: I: The factor and system models and the hierarchical factor structure of individuality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41(4): 818-829
Tian, L., Zhang, D., Huebner, E. S. (2018) Psychometric properties of the positivity scale among Chinese adults and early adolescents. Frontiers in Psychology, 9: 197-197
 

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/VSP181229021P
primljen: 29.12.2018.
prihvaćen: 06.02.2019.
objavljen onlajn: 15.02.2019.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 06.01.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0