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članak: 8 od 100  
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2018, vol. 71, br. 3-4, str. 100-107
Analiza broja korenova i konfiguracije kanala korenova premolara kompjuterizovanom tomografijom sa konusnim snopom zračenja u srpskoj populaciji
Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Fakultet medicinskih nauka

e-adresamilicapopovic75@gmail.com
Ključne reči: kompjuterizovana tomografija konusnog snopa; koren zuba; kanal zuba; premolar; maksila; mandibula; polne karakteristike; populacija; Srbija
Sažetak
Uvod. Cilj ove studije je da prikaže broj korenova i konfiguraciju kanala korenova gornjih i donjih premolara kao i povezanost ovih karakteristika sa polom i položajem zuba u populaciji Srbije korišćenjem kompjuterizovane tomografije sa konusnim snopom. Materijal i metode. Pregledani su snimci kompjuterizovane tomografije sa konusnim snopom 570 zuba od 150 pacijenata. Zubi su klasifikovani po grupama (gornji prvi premolari, gornji drugi premolari, donji prvi premolari i donji drugi premolari); registrovani su broj korenova, kanala korenova po zubu i konfiguracija kanala zajedno sa pozicijom zuba i polom pacijenta. Za klasifikaciju konfiguracija kanala korenova korišćena je klasifikacija po Vertućiju. Statistička značajnost je dobijena korišćenjem hi kvadrat testa. Rezultati. U grupi gornjih prvih premolara najčešće su uočena dva korena (53,5%), dva kanala korena (84,5%) i konfiguracija kanala tip IV (58,9%). U grupi gornjih drugih premolara najveći broj zuba imao je jedan koren (88,1%) i jedan kanal korena (59,6%). Postojala je značajna razlika prema polu gde je kompleksnija konfiguracija sa više kanala korena češće uočavana kod muškaraca. Veća učestalost konfiguracije tip IV gornjih prvih premolara uočena je na desnoj strani vilice (70,2%). Najviše donjih prvih premolara imalo je jedan koren (98,5%) i konfiguraciju tip I (83,2%). U grupi donjih drugih premolara, svi zubi su imali jedan koren, a najučestalija je konfiguracija kanala korena tip I (96,2%). Takođe, muškarci su češće imali više kanala korena u grupi donjih prvih premolara. Zaključak. Kompjuterizovana tomografija sa konusnim snopom je korisno dijagnostičko sredstvo čijom se primenom dobijaju značajne informacije o morfologiji kanala korenova zuba. Treba imati u vidu pol pacijenta kada se planira endodontski tretman.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.2298/MPNS1804100P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 02.08.2018.

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