Metrics

  • citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:9
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:9

Contents

article: 4 from 9  
Back back to result list
2016, vol. 50, iss. 2, pp. 603-619
Limitation of liability for maritime claims: Chronological critical review (international instruments and Croatian solutions)
Univerzitet J.J. Štrosmajera u Osijeku, Pravni fakultet, Osijek, Hrvatska

emailavasilj@pravos.hr
Abstract
Limitation of liability of shipowner can based on property or can be personal - shipowner responds to certain part of the property (for example ship) or his entire assets to a certain amount. In the first case it is a real, and in the other the personal limitation of liability. On these principles all international instruments in this legal field have been developed. One of the well-known 'universal' principle of civil law says that the injurer must pay for a damage in full, in full extent and amount. However, when we are applying provisions of maritime law (as well as transport law in general) on the liability for damages and its compensation, the situation is quite opposite. Though, that the amount of suffered damages is coming closer to said universal principle of civil law has been confirmed by Amendments to the Protocol to the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims 1996 (LLMC 1996). These Amendments increased amount of general (global) limitation of liability for maritime claims by 51% compared to the amounts in LLMC. Increased amounts are applicable from 8th June 2015. Regarding these amendments, a number of issues can be placed: justification for introducing the institute of limitation of liability in general; reasons why the injurer is privileged in maritime (and broader in transport), in the context of the amount of the obligation of compensation for damage; and whether the application of the institute undermine the principle that is enshrined in the legal system of every modern country, according to which the injured party has the right to just compensation. On the other hand, justice can be taken as well as an argument just to implement the limitation of liability system.
References
*** (2005) Zakon o potvrđivanju Protokola iz 1996. kojim se mijenja i dopunjuje Konvencija o ograničenju odgovornosti za pomorske tražbine iz 1976. Narodne novine - Međunarodni ugovori, br. 12/05
*** (1967) Međunarodni konvenciju za izjednačenje nekih pravila o privremenom zaustavljanju pomorskih brodova iz 1952. stupila je na snagu 24.2.1956. ratificirana od strane bivše Jugoslavije. Sl. list SFRJ, MU i drugi sporazumi, br. 12
*** (2009) Directive 2009/20/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the insurance of ship-owners for maritime claims. Official Journal of the European Union L, 131, 28.5.2009., 128-131
*** (2005) Budimpeštanska konvencija o ugovoru o prijevozu robe unutarnjim plovnim putovima (CMNI). Narodne novine, Međunarodni ugovori, br. 10/04, engl. Budapest Convention on the Contract for the Carriage of Goods by Inland Waterway (CMNI), 22 June 2001, (stupila na snagu 01. 04. 2005)
*** (2007) Pravni leksikon. Zagreb: Leksikografiski zavod Miroslav Krleža, 1
*** (1956) Konvencija o ugovoru o međunarodnom prijevozu robe cestom (CMR). Narodne novine, Međunarodni ugovori 1/92; engl. Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR) Geneva, 19 May 1956, United Nations Treaty Series, vol. 399, p. 189
*** (1999) Konvencija o međunarodnom željezničkom prijevozu (COTIF) = Convention concerning international carriage by rail. Vilnius, Jedinstvena pravila o međunarodnom željezničkom prijevozu robe (CIM), kao Dodatak B COTIF konvencije iz 1980. u verziji Protokola o izmjenama od 3. lipnja 1999. godine, Narodne novine - Međunarodni ug
*** (1929) Varšavska konvencija - konvencija o izjednačavanju izvjesnih pravila o međunarodnom zračnom prijevozu, potpisana u Varšavi 12.10.1929 = Convention for the Unification of certain rules relating to international carriage by air. Warsaw
*** (1999) Montrealska konvencija = Convention for the unification of certain rules for international carriage by air. Montreal
*** (1976) Konvencija o ograničenju odgovornosti za pomorske tražbine = Convention on limitation of liability for maritime claims (LLMC). London
*** (1972) Pomorska enciklopedija. Zagreb: Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod
*** (2016) IMO LEG 96/12/1, https://www.uscg.mil/imo/leg/docs/leg, 17.10.2016
*** (2009) ATSB transport safety report. No. 263, MO-2009-002, Final, Pacific Adventurer, 11 March 2009, str. 47 i 48
*** (1976) Protocol of 1996 to amend the convention on limitation of liability for maritime claims
*** (2004-2015) Pomorski zakonik (dalje u tekstu: PZ). Narodne novine, br. 181/04, 76/07, 146/08, 61/11, 56/13, 26/15
Brajković, V. (1951) Problem brodara i njegove odgovornosti de iure condendo. in: 'Ugovori o iskorišćavanju brodova na moru', Zbornik radova, Zagreb: Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti / JAZU
Đurđev, D. (2008) Pravna priroda odgovornosti prevozioca. Zbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta, Novi Sad, vol. 42, br. 1-2, str. 267-289
Filipović, V. (1978) Zakon o pomorskoj i unutrašnjoj plovidbi s napomenama i komentarskim bilješkama. Narodne novine, 14
Grabovac, I. (1994) Pomorski zakonik s pojmovnim kazalom. Informator, Zagreb, 5
Grabovac, I. (2001) Ograničenje odgovornosti u pomorskom poduzetništvu. Split: Književni krug
Grabovac, I. (1995) Hrvatsko pomorsko pravo i međunarodne konvencije. Split: Književni krug
Jakaša, B. (1983) Sistem plovidbenog prava Jugoslavije. Čakovec, III knjiga
Kandare, B. (1987) Izvanparnični postupak u Zakonu o pomorskoj i unutrašnjoj plovidbi. Pravna misao, 12, 57; 11
Luttenberger, A., Bolanča, D. (1995) Some Views on the New Croatian Maritime Code. Zbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta u Splitu, 1-2, 113
Marin, J. (2007) Međunarodne konvencije i protokoli kao izvori hrvatskog pomorskog prava. Poredbeno pomorsko parvo, 161, 91
Marin, J. (2003) Privremene mjere zaustavljanja broda. Zagreb: Pravni fakultet
Mintas, L. (1993) Hodak, Novi Pomorski zakonik. Pomorski zbornik, 31, 29
Pavić, D. (2012) Pomorsko osiguranje - pravo i praksa s osnovama kopnenog i zračnog transportnog osiguranja. Split, 429
Pospišil, M.M. (2012) Usvojen prijedlog povećanja iznosa općeg (globalnog) ograničenja odgovornosti za pomorske tražbine. Poredbeno pomorsko parvo, 166, 229
Pospišil, M.M. (2012) Usvojen prijedlog povećanja iznosa općeg (globalnog) ograničenja odgovornosti za pomorske tražbine. Pomorsko poredbeno parvo, 166, 233
Pospišil, M.M. (2012) Usvojen prijedlog povećanja iznosa općeg (globalnog) ograničenja odgovornosti za pomorske tražbine. Pomorsko poredbeno parvo, 166, 234
Pospišil, M.M. (2012) Usvojen prijedlog povećanja iznosa općeg (globalnog) ograničenja odgovornosti za pomorske tražbine. Pomorsko poredbeno parvo, 166, 227
Romac, A. (1989) Rječnik rimskog prava. Zagreb: Informator, str. 383
Vuković, A., Bodul, D. (2012) O obvezi osnivanja fonda ograničene odgovornosti. Pomorstvo, 2, 338
 

About

article language: Croation
document type: Review Paper
DOI: 10.5937/zrpfns50-11258
published in SCIndeks: 25/01/2017
peer review method: double-blind
Creative Commons License 4.0

Related records

No related records