Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:42
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:32

Sadržaj

članak: 6 od 150  
Back povratak na rezultate
2020, vol. 59, br. 86, str. 91-109
Komercijalno surogat materinstvo i problem komodifikacije - etičke dileme i mogućnost pronalaženja pravnog odgovora
Univerzitet u Banjoj Luci, Pravni fakultet, Republika Srpska, BiH

e-adresaigor.milinkovic@pf.unibl.org
Ključne reči: asistirana reprodukcija; surogat materinstvo; komercijalno surogat materinstvo; dostojanstvo; komodifikacija; pravo
Sažetak
Neplodnost predstavlja ozbiljan globalni problem reproduktivnog zdravlja. Prema podacima Svjetske zdravstvene organizacije, između 7 i 15% parova reproduktivnog doba u svijetu je neplodno. Tehnike asistirane reprodukcije omogućile su parovima suočenim sa neplodnošću da ostvare roditeljstvo. Stoga je, iz perspektive ostvarivanja reproduktivne autonomije, primjena metoda asistirane reprodukcije nesumnjivo opravdana. S druge strane, razvoj novih reproduktivnih tehnologija pobuđuje složene etičke dileme. Tehnika asistirane reprodukcije koja pobuđuje najviše kontroverzi jeste surogat materinstvo, sporazum ili ugovor kojim žena (surogat majka) pristaje da rodi dijete za drugu osobu ili par. Komercijalno surogat materinstvo, za razliku od altruističkog, podrazumijeva da će roditelji naručioci surogat majci, kao naknadu za pružene usluge, isplatiti novčani iznos koji prevazilazi razumne troškove povezane sa trudnoćom. U radu će se nastojati dati odgovor na pitanje da li je komercijalno surogat materinstvo etički manje prihvatljivo u odnosu na altruističko, ili su primjedbe koje se upućuju komercijalnom surogat materinstvu usmjerene na slučajeve njegovog pervertovanja, koji bi mogli biti izbjegnuti usvajanjem odgovarajućih zakonskih rješenja. Posebna pažnja biće posvećena problemu komodifikacije i njegovom odnosu prema vrijednosti ljudskog dostojanstva. U sklopu analize ovog problema, biće upozoreno na opasnost od razvijanja "komodifikacije u širem smislu", kao i na mehanizme kojima zakonodavac potencijalno može da osujeti jačanje ove tendencije. Analizi će biti podvrgnuta rješenja prihvaćena u uporednom pravu, a biće analizirane i relevantne pravne odredbe u Bosni i Hercegovini (njenim entitetima: Republici Srpskoj i Federaciji Bosne i Hercegovine).
Reference
*** (2007) Porodični zakon Brčko Distrikta. Službeni glasnik Brčko Distrikta BiH, br. 23
*** (2018) Zakon o liječenju neplodnosti biomedicinski potpomognutom oplodnjom. Službene novine FBiH, br. 59/18
*** (2014) Annual report on human rights and democracy in the world 2014 and the EU policy on the matter. 01 September 2019, http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-8-2015-0470_EN.pdf
*** Advisory opinion concerning the recognition in domestic law of a legal parent-child relationship between a child born through a gestational surrogacy arrangement abroad and the intended mother. ECHR, 01 September 2019, https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng#{%22item id%22:[%22003-6380464-8364383%22]}
*** Ustav Republike Srpske. 01. 09. 2019, https://www.narodnaskupstinars.net/sites/default/files/upload/dokumenti/ustav/cir/ustav_republike_srpske.pdf
*** Federal constitution of the Swiss confederation. 01 September 2019, https://www.admin.ch/opc/en/classified-compilation/19995395/ index.html
*** (2002-2014) Porodični zakon Republike Srpske. Službeni glasnik Republike Srpske, br. 54/02, 41/08, 63/14
*** (2005-2014) Porodični zakon FBiH. Službene novine FBiH, br. 35/05, 31/14
*** (2014) Zakon za izmenuvanje i dopolnuvanje na Zakonot za biomedicinsko potpomognato oploduvanje. Služben vesnik na RM, br. 149
Beier, K. (2018) Ethical objections about surrogacy in German debates: A critical analysis. u: Mitra S., Schikantz S., Patel T. [ur.] Cross-Cultural Comparisons on Surrogacy and Egg donation: Interdisciplinary perspectives from India, Germany and Israel, Palgrave Macmillan
Beyleveld, D., Brownsword, R. (2001) Human dignity in bioethics and biolaw. Oxford University Press
Cook, M. (2018) Chinese black-market surrogacy is booming. BioEdge, 01 September 2019, https://www.bioedge.org/bioethics/chinese-blackmarket-surrogacy-is-booming/12558
Cook, R., Day,, Sclater, S.F., Kaganas, F. (2003) Introduction. u: Cook R., Day Sclater S., Kaganas F. [ur.] Surrogate Motherhood: International Perspectives, Hart Publishing
Harris, J. (2007) Enhancing evolution: The ethical case for making better people. Princeton University Press
Harris, J. (2004) On cloning. Routledge
Kant, I. (2008) Zasnivanje metafizike morala. Beograd: Dereta
Mirocha, L. (2019) Dark side of diversity: Actions undertaken in the system of the Council of Europe with regard to the issue of surrogate motherhood. u: Mostowik P. [ur.] Fundamental legal problems of surrogate motherhood. Global perspective, Warszawa
Mohapatra, S. (2012) Achieving reproductive justice in international surrogacy market. Annals of health law, Vol. 21. Issue 1, str. 191
Montoya, J.M. (2002) Diagnostics in assisted human reproduction. Reproductive Biomedicine Online, 5(2), 198-210
Morgan, D. (1990) Surrogacy: An introductory essay. u: Lee R., Morgan D. [ur.] Birthrights: Law and Ethics at the Beginnings of Life, London - New York: Routledge
Mortazavi, S. (2011) It takes a village to make a child: Creating guidelines for international surrogacy. Georgetown Law Journal, 100, 2249
Qiao, J., Feng, H.L. (2014) Assisted reproductive technology in China: Compliance and non-compliance. Translational pediatrics, 3(2)
Quinn, D. (2018) Her belly, their baby: A contract solution for surrogacy agreements. Journal of Law & Policy, 26
Radin, M.J. (1987) Market-inalienability. Harvard Law Review, 100(8), 1849
Ramskold, L.A.H., Posner, M.P. (2013) Commercial surrogacy: How provisions of monetary remuneration and powers of international law can prevent exploitation of gestational surrogates. Journal of Medical Ethics, 39(6), 397-402
Robertson, J.A. (1994) Children of choice: Freedom and the new reproductive technologies. Princeton University Press
Ruparelia, R. (2007) Giving away the 'gift of life': Surrogacy and the Canadian Assisted Human Reproduction Act. Canadian Journal of Family Law, 23
Samanta, J., Samanta, A. (2015) Medical law. Macmillan International Higher Education
Satel, S.L. (2008) Concerns about human dignity and commodification. u: Satel S.L. [ur.] When altruism isn't enough: The case for compensating kidney donors, Washington, DC: Aei Press
Schuz, R. (2003) Surrogacy in Israel: An analysis of the law in practice. u: Cook R., Day Sclater S., Kaganas F. [ur.] Surrogate Motherhood: International Perspectives, Hart Publishing
Smith, G.P. (1982) The razor's edge of human bonding: Artificial fathers and surrogate mothers. Western New England Law Review, 5, 639-666
Srivastava, A. (2019) Explained: Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, triple talaq bill among 46 draft laws set to lapse as Parliament adjourns sine die. Firstpost, 17 September 2019, https://www.firstpost.com/india/explained-citizenship-amendment-bill-triple-talaq-bill-among-46-draft-laws-set-tolapse-as-parliament-adjourns-sine-die-6082661.html
Svitnev, K. (2010) Legal regulation of assisted reproduction treatment in Russia. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 20(7), 892-894
van Niekerk, A., van Ziel, L. (1995) The ethics of surrogacy: woman's reproductive labor. Journal of Medical Ethics, Vol. 21
van Zyl, L., Walker, R. (2013) Beyond altruistic and commercial contract motherhood: The professional model. Bioethics, 27(7)
Walker, R., van Zyl, L. (2017) Towards a professional model of surrogate motherhood. Springer
Wilkinson, S. (2003) Bodies for sale: Ethics and exploitation in the human body trade. Routledge
Zimmerman, A.L. (2016) Thailand's ban on commercial surrogacy: Why Thailand should regulate, not attempt to eradicate. Brooklyn Journal of International Law, 41(2)
 

O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/zrpfn0-23441
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 20.06.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

Povezani članci

Zb Pravnog fak Novi Sad (2013)
Ljudsko dostojanstvo i bioetika
Marjanović Miloš

Anali Pravnog fak Beograd (2016)
Kopaonik school of natural law perception of dignity and legal discourse in Europe
Dakić Dragan

Anali Pravnog fak Beograd (1992)
Porodičnopravni aspekti artificijelne inseminacije
Draškić Marija M.

prikaži sve [13]