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2022, vol. 51, br. 1, str. 101-108
Prevencija ateroskleroze s osvrtom na gojaznost i neadekvatnu ishranu kao faktore rizika za nastanak kardiovaskularnih bolesti
Klinički centar Crne Gore, Podgorica, Crna Gora + Univerzitet Crne Gore, Podgorica, Crna Gora

e-adresadamir.pelicic@t-com.me
Sažetak
U ovom radu biće predstavljene informacije iz relevantnih izvora podataka u vezi sa prevencijom ateroskleroze s osvrtom na gojaznost i neadekvatnu ishranu kao faktore rizika za nastanak kardiovaskularnih bolesti (KVB). Svetska zdravstvena organizacija procenjuje da svake godine od KVB umre 17,9 miliona ljudi, što je trećina ukupnog broja umrlih u svetu. KVB su ne samo vodeći uzrok umiranja, nego i obolevanja i nesposobnosti, što ukazuje na njihov veliki javnozdravstveni značaj. Smatra se da je endotelna disfunkcija rana faza ateroskleroze. Ateroskleroza se javlja i kod dece mlađe od 10 godina, dok rizik od ateroskleroze raste sa godinama starosti. Postoji preko 300 faktora povezanih sa aterosklerozom i njenim ključnim komplikacijama, koronarnim oboljenjem srca i moždanim udarom. Najvažniji od njih su gojaznost, fizička neaktivnost, hipertenzija, pušenje, neadekvatna ishrana, abnormalne vrednosti lipida, nasleđe, metabolički sindrom, dijabetes i psihosocijalni faktori. Redukcijom ili eliminacijom svih navedenih faktora rizika može se doprineti smanjivanju rizika od KVB. Neophodna su dalja istraživanja u ovoj oblasti sa ciljem boljeg definisanja nezavisnih faktora rizika za nastanak ateroskleroze i posledičnih KVB.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: aktuelni problemi
DOI: 10.5937/zdravzast51-35681
primljen: 10.01.2022.
revidiran: 19.03.2022.
prihvaćen: 27.03.2022.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 08.04.2022.

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