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2021, vol. 49, br. 1, str. 186-194
Tehnika procene vremena proizvodnje kod malih proizvodnih preduzeća
aUniversity of Abuja, Mechanical and Materials Engineering Department, Nigeria
bFederal University of Tech., Telecommunication Engineering Depart, Minna, Nigeria

e-adresaphinny09@gmail.com
Ključne reči: Plant layout; Optimization; Machine Distance matrix technique; Production; Mathematical Modelling
Sažetak
Mala proizvodna preduzeća najčešće se suočavaju sa izazovima neefikasnosti i malim prihodima od proizvodnje. Ovim problemima istraživači su se ranije bavili izmenom prostornog rasporeda pogona i smanjenjem međusobne udaljenosti radnih stanica. Procena performansi prostornog rasporeda pogona vršila se metodom matrice udaljenosti mašina. Međutim, ovakve metode imaju ograničenja. U radu se prikazuje novi model koji zovemo model procene vremena proizvodnje za procenu efikasnosti postornog rasporeda proizvodnih pogona. Model obuhvata izračunavanje procene vremena proizvodnje u radnim stanicama, vremena potrebnog za kretanje proizvoda između stanica i broj delova gotovog proizvoda. Model je primenjen kod preduzeća za proizvodnju nameštaja. Izdvojen je prostorni raspored pogona i prikazan je proces proizvodnje tri proizvoda. Izrađen je projekat novog rasporeda i upoređen sa postojećim korišćenjem metodologije proizvodnog vremena. Utvrđeno je da skraćenje vremena proizvodnje i povećanje kapaciteta proizvodnje na dnevnom nivou dovodi do unapređenja proizvodnje proizvoda za 37%.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/fme2101186T
primljen: 15.09.2020.
prihvaćen: 15.11.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 20.12.2020.
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