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2021, vol. 69, br. 3-4, str. 243-259
Oporavak srpske privrede nakon ere kovida 19 - pristup preko klastera
Univerzitet Metropolitan, Beograd
Ključne reči: kriza izazvana kovidom 19; klaster; tehnološki klaster; turizam; proizvodnja hrane; organska hrana; konkurentnost; Srbija
Sažetak
Kriza izazvana virusom kovida 19 se razlikuje od prethodnih, imajući u vidu da je prekinula globalne lance vrednosti, preusmerila poslovanje ka regionalnoj saradnji u visokoglobalizovanom svetu i u fokus stavila razvoj novih poslovnih modela zasnovanih na digitalizaciji. Ova kriza je uticala i na ponudu i na tražnju, ali i na sve zemlje širom sveta bez obzira na njihovu ekonomsku snagu. Da bi podržali ekonomski oporavak, istovremeno se boreći za održivost zdravstvenog sistema zaključavanjem i merama prevencije, donosioci ekonomskih odluka širom sveta koriste ekspanzivne makroekonomske politike. Jedna od prvih mera je bila popuštanje monetarne politike. Takva mera je preduzeta u 80% zemalja širom sveta i u svim privredama u usponu. Fiskalna politika bila je značajna u kratkom roku kako bi doprinela rastu tražnje, dok je istovremeno rezultirala većim javnim dugom koji postaje jedno od ograničenja za budući razvoj. I dok današnji ekonomisti raspravljaju koje slovo najbolje vizualizuje karakter ove krize - - V, U, L, W, dobili smo slovo K, koje ukazuje na to da će se oporavak među zemljama razlikovati u stopama rasta i trajanju tog oporavka. Shodno tome, živećemo u svetu u kome su promene jedina konstanta. Da bi opstali u takvom svetu, digitalizacija i razvoj ključnih klastera su presudni za dugoročnu konkurentnost. U ovom radu analizirali smo konkurentnost srpske privrede kroz indeks konkurentnosti zemlje i posebno istakli značaj mikroekonomskih determinanti koji predstavljaju moćno sredstvo u analizi ključnih segmenata za oporavak privrede. Fokus je bio na potencijalu tri klastera: tehnološkom, agrobiznisu i organskoj hrani i turizmu.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/EKOPRE2103243S
primljen: 27.01.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.05.2021.

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