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2021, vol. 93, iss. 1, pp. 234-243
Release on parole: Aspects of criminal law and procedure
Viši sud u Sremskoj Mitrovici
Keywords: release on parole; punishment; the purpose of punishment; re-socialization; re-education
Release on parole dates back to the middle of the 19th century and has roots in the progressive and Irish systems for executing punishment regarding persons deprived of liberty. Namely, the third phase in the execution of the sanction of imprisonment in the progressive system is called - release on parole, while it was the fourth phase in the Irish system. The Irish system for executing imprisonment was accepted in a large number of countries, including pre-war Yugoslavia. Modelled on this system, several prisons were created in Yugoslavia - in Zenica, Sremska Mitrovica, and Lepoglava. The purpose of release on parole is for the convicted person to behave properly while serving the imprisonment sentence, fulfil their work obligations, and not commit another criminal act for the duration of the sentence, all with the goal of re-socialization. Consequently, expanding the prohibition on the release on parole for certain criminal offences is contrary to the primary purpose of punishment as prescribed by art. 42, para. 1, point 1 of the Criminal Code; which is preventing the perpetrator from committing criminal acts and influencing them to not commit criminal acts in the future. Sentencing and executing sanctions must not be in retaliation for the acts committed, as it would be aligned with the theory of intimidation by punishment which has long since been abandoned; at present, the modern theory on the purpose of sanctions is widely represented, the theory of re-socialization, which has the individualization of the punishment of deprivation of liberty at the forefront, and that individualization is important to the re-education of the convicted person.
*** (2001-2010) Zakonik o krivičnom postupku. Službeni list SRJ + Službeni glasnik RS, br. 70/2001. i 68/2002. br. 58/2004, 85/2005, 115/2005, 85/2005. -dr. zakon, 49/2007, 20/2009. -dr. zakon, 72/2009. i 76/2010
*** (2019) Zakon o izmenama i dopunama Zakonika o krivičnom postupku. Službeni glasnik RS, br. 35
Atanacković, D. (1988) Penologija. Beograd
Kupčević-Mlađenović, P. (1972) Osnovi kriminologije. Sarajevo


article language: Serbian
document type: Professional Paper
DOI: 10.5937/gakv93-25550
received: 04/03/2020
accepted: 29/10/2020
published in SCIndeks: 05/06/2021
peer review method: double-blind
Creative Commons License 4.0

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