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2016, vol. 25, iss. 2, pp. 57-68
The presence of invasive and allergenic plant species green areas on the quay Ibar in Kraljevo (Serbia)
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Forestry
Keywords: Invasive species; allergenic species; green areas; recreation; health; Kraljevo
Abstract
Urban green areas used directly for active and passive recreation, and indirectly affect the qual­ity of the urban environment and quality of life of residents. Green areas Ibar Quay is located in the central town of Kraljevo and extending along the left bank of the river Ibar. In urban recreational areas may appear wild, planted and sown plant species. Increasingly, these areas occupy invasive and allergenic plants that have a very adverse impact on the health status of people in urban areas. The presence of invasive plants on green areas is not desirable because, in addition to the negative effects they have on human health, the negative impact on biodiversity and threatening native vegetation. The analysis of trees and shrubs and lawns of the area, it was noted the presence of allergenic and invasive plants. Was recorded, and analyzed 35 woody and herbaceous plant taxa 85. In the analyzed flora grass areas there were already 68 genera and 27 families. Of the total, 12 were invasive herbaceous plants, 2 as invasive seed­lings of woody plants that can be removed by proper and regular care measures and mowing. Also is recorded 1 woody taxa in the category of invasive plants that can only be removed by mechanical means cutting trees. While 25 herbaceous plants recorded from category allergens, as well as 10 tree taxa. Studies have confirmed the inadequate maintenance of lawns, and the largest presence of invasive herbaceous weeds Cynodon dactylon L., Erigeron annuus (L.) Desf., Cichorium intybus L. and of a woody plant Ailanthus altissima Mill. The exposure of the inves­tigated area, anthropogenic influence constitutes the essential factor to facilitate the settlement of invasive plants. Monitoring and control of the presence of invasive and allergenic plant taxa of the study area is necessary to protect the health with users, indigenous vegetation and the environmental quality of urban city space.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/ActaHerb1602057M
published in SCIndeks: 08/02/2019